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Flashcards in Chapters 1 & 2 Deck (78)
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Problems because of the Articles (2 things)

- conflict over boundary lines
- new nation owed tons of money to foreign governments and American soldiers


Shays' Rebellion

- armed groups of farmers forced several courts to close in order to prevent farm foreclosures and the loss of their farms
- Shays lend a band of farmers that closed the Massachusetts state supreme court


The Annapolis Convention

It was decided to revisit and revise the Articles


George Washington's role at the Constitutional Convention

Ensured that many people would trust the Convention's work


Benjamin Franklin's role at the Constitutional Convention

Played an active role in the debate


James Wilson's role at the Constitutional Convention

He often read Franklin's speeches and did important work on the details of the Constitution


Governor Morris' role at the Constitutional Convention

Wrote the final draft of the Constitution


James Madison's role at the Constitutional Convention

The author of the basic plan if the government that the Convention eventually adopted


Rules of the Convention (3 things)

- each state would have one vote on all questions
- majority vote
- no meetings would be held without 7/13 of the states


Key agreements at the Convention (5 things)

- start fresh
- limited and representative government
- power of national government split into 3 branches
- limit power of the states
- strengthen national government


The Virginia Plan (4 things)

- strong national legislature with 2 chambers, lower one chosen by the people and upper one chosen by the lower
- a strong national executive to be chosen by the national legislature
- a national judiciary to be appointed by the legislature
- more populous states would be in control of a strong national government


The New Jersey Plan (3 things)

- government based on major feature of the Articles, an unicameral legislature
- Congress given power to impose taxes and regulate trade
- more fair for smaller states


The Connecticut Compromise

- House of Representatives: based on population, revenue laws begin here
- Senate: two from each state


The 3/5 Compromise

3/5 of slaves would be counted for


Compromise on Commerce and Slave Trade (3 things)

- can't ban slave trade until 1808
- could regulate interstate commerce, trade among states, and foreign commerce
- forbidden to impose export tax


Electoral College

each state selects electors to choose the president



- favored Constitution
- merchants, and people from city and costal areas
- believed weak national government would lead to anarchy



- opposed Constitution
- inland farmers and laborers
- claimed the doc was extralegal, or not sanctioned by law, since the Convention had been authorized only to revise the Articles
- lacked a Bill of Rights