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Flashcards in Unit 3 Test Deck (20)
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1

The Constitution assigns the power to control immigration to...

Congress

2

The majority of the cases the Supreme Court hears come from...

lower courts as appeals

3

Under this rule, a person can't be tried for the same crime twice

double jeopardy

4

This Constitutional clause prohibits the government from unduly interfering with the freedom of religion

free exercise clause

5

One of these appellate courts is in each of the 12 judicial circuits, or regions, across the US

US Court of Appeals

6

The right to travel freely between states, the right to vote, and First Amendment rights are _____ rights.

fundamental

7

One of Rome's greatest contributions to civilization and current legal systems is...

the Justinian Code (all laws are written down for the people to know and understand)

8

Parties not directly involved in the case but who have an interest in its outcome, who are known as "a friend of the court"

an amicus curiae

9

Explanation for the Supreme Court's decision is called...

an opinion

10

A coalition of justices, who tend to take consistent positions in certain areas, is...

a voting bloc

11

A brief unsigned statement of the Court's decision is a...

per curiam opinion

12

These courts derive their powers from the Constitution and federal laws

federal courts

13

A formal accusation handed down by the grand jury is...

an indictment

14

This regulation opens meetings to the public

Sunshine Act

15

These courts help Congress exercise its power according to Article I of Constitution

legislative courts

16

What kind of jurisdiction does a trial court have?

original jurisdiction

17

An order from the Court to send up records is a...

writ of certiorari

18

A person who gives up citizenship in a country and moves to another country is called...

an expatriate

19

Without this freedom, there would be no political parties and no interest groups to influence the actions of government

Freedom of Assembly

20

The power to confirm appointments to the Supreme Court resides in...

the Senate