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Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (57)
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1

The Preamble

the intro, why the constitution was written

2

Article 1

legislative branch

3

Article 2

executive branch

4

Article 3

judicial branch

5

Article 4

relationship of states to each other and to the national government

6

Article 5

ways Constitution can be changed

7

Article 6

establishes that laws passed by Congress are the supreme law

8

Article 7

ratification of the Constitution

9

Popular Sovereignty

rule by the people

10

Federalism

power divided between national government and state government

11

Separation of Powers

divided power among 3 branches of government

12

Checks and balances

each branch of government exercises some control over the others

13

Judicial review

power of the courts to declare laws unconstitutional

14

Maybury v Madison

established the precedent for federal courts to rule on actions of the government

15

Limited government

constitution limits the actions of government by listing specifically what it can and can't do

16

Enumerated Powers of Legislative Branch (17 powers)

- 5 of them deal with economic legislation
- 7 of them provide for defense
- naturalizing citizens
- establishing post offices
- securing patents and copyrights
- establishing courts
- governing the District of Colombia

17

elastic clause

allows Congress to make all laws necessary to carry out their given powers

18

McCulloch v Maryland

court ruled in favor of elastic clause

19

Powers of Executive Branch (10 powers)

- commander in chief of armed forces
- appoints heads of executive departments
- pardon people convicted of federal crimes
- make treaties with the advice and consent of Senate
- appoint ambassadors
- delivers an annual State of the Union message to Congress
- calls Congress into special session when necessary
- meets with heads of state, ambassadors, foreign officials
- commissions all military officers
- ensures that laws are "faithfully" executed

20

federal courts

powers derive from the Constitution and federal laws

21

state courts

powers derived from state constitutions and laws

22

jurisdiction of the court

the subject matter of the case and the parties involved

23

the president as a legislator

proposes much of the legislative agenda and spells out the details of programs that are enacted into law

24

proposing amendments

2/3 vote from each house of Congress

25

balanced budget

the federal government's spending never exceeds its income

26

ratifying amendments

legislatures in 3/4 of the states, and each state needs to call a special ratifying convention

27

Equal Rights Amendment

prohibit discrimination of the basis of gender

28

Congress expanded the executive branch by...

creating cabinet departments, agencies, boards, and commissions

29

Congress expanded the judicial branch by...

- created additional federal courts
- establishing new rules of federal court procedure
- provided for court workers such as bailiffs and clerks

30

1st Amendment

freedom of speech, religion, and press