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Flashcards in Chapter 18 Deck (21)
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1

Interest Groups (4)

- support candidates who favor their ideas, but they don't nominate candidates for office
- only concerned with a few issues
- don't try to gain members with different points of view
- organized on the basis of common values, not geographic location

2

Purpose of Interest Groups

help bridge the gap between the citizen and the government

3

Political power of Interest Groups (2)

- stronger bargaining position with leaders in government, but only proportionally
- draws from the financial resources and expertise of its many members

4

lobbying

practice of approaching senators and reps in the outer room or lobby of a capital

5

Lobbyists (4)

- meet personally with congressmen
- provide legislators with pamphlets, reports, etc.
- provide info by testifying before congressional committees
- help congressmen draft proposes bills

6

Interest groups seek support through... (2)

- media campaigns
- letter writing

7

Limitations on Interest Groups (3)

- different interest groups compete for power and influence --> no one is the most powerful;
- larger groups may not be able to adopt broad policy goals
- smaller groups are more effective in shaping policy

8

FECA and Revenue Act of 1971

a PAC must register with the government 6 months before the election

9

Federal Election Commission

issues regulations and advisory opinions that control PAC activities

10

Political Socialization factors that shape Public Opinion (7)

- Family and Home Influence
- Schools
- Peer Groups
- Social Characteristics
- The Mass Media
- Government leaders, congressmen, interest groups
- Political Efficacy (individual's feelings of effectiveness in politics)

11

Political Culture

sets general boundaries within which citizens develop and express their opinions

12

Liberal Ideology (3)

- government should actively promote health, education, and justice
- increase equality
- government shouldn't restrict most individual freedoms

13

Conservative Ideology (3)

- limiting role of government
- private individuals should solve social problems
- oppose government limitations on business

14

Moderate Ideology

want government to regulate business and support traditional values

15

Libertarians

free markets and unrestricted speech

16

straw polls

unscientific attempts to measure public opinion

17

universe sample

group of people that are to be studied

18

representative sample

small group of people typical of the universe

19

random sample

equal chance of being selected

20

sampling error

measurement of how much the sample results may differ from the universe sample

21

cluster sample

geographical divisions, countries, or congressional districts