Chapters 1 & 2 Flashcards Preview

American Government (12th Grade) > Chapters 1 & 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapters 1 & 2 Deck (78)
Loading flashcards...
1

What did Aristotle study?

Studied polis (Greek city-state)

2

state

political community, definite territory, organized government

3

nation

sizable group of people who are united by common bonds and territorial boundaries

4

nation-state

country

5

What are the essential features of a state? (4 things)

- Population
- Territory
- Sovereignty
- Government

6

consensus

agreement

7

mobility

changes political organization

8

territory

established and recognized borders

9

sovereignty

state has absolute authority

10

government (3 things)

- institution that maintains order
- provides public services
- enforces decisions

11

Evolutionary Theory

evolved from family

12

Force Theory

brought under authority

13

Divine Right Theory

rulers chosen by gods

14

Social Contract Theory

Created by Thomas Hobbes, maintain order, John Locke -> natural rights -> American Independence

15

Purposes of Government (4 things)

- Maintain social order
- Providing public services
- Providing national security
- Making economic decisions

16

Unitary System

gives all key powers to the national government

17

Federal System

divides powers of government between national government and state government

18

Confederacy

a loose union of independent states

19

Constitution (3 things)

- ideals that people believe in and share
- basic structure of government and defines government's powers and duties
- provides supreme law

20

constitutional government

a government in which a constitution has authority to place clearly recognized limits on those who govern

21

constitutional law

interpretation and application of constitution

22

politics

the effort to control or influence the conduct and policies of government, conflicts of society are managed

23

industrialized nations

large industries and advanced technology (1st world countries)

24

developing nations

just beginning industrially, starvation, disease (3rd world countries)

25

global interdependence

people and nation must interact or depend upon each other

26

WTO

seeks to improve economic development around the world

27

UN

serves the needs of member states

28

Autocracy

power and authority in hands of one person

29

totalitarian dictatorship

ideas of single leaser are glorified

30

Monarchy

a king/queen/emperor exercises the supreme power of government