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Flashcards in Chapter 11 Deck (28)
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1

Federal Court Jurisdiction (3 examples)

federal courts are given jurisdictional authority to hear cases if certain parties are involved
- ambassadors or other reps of foreign governments
- 2 or more state governments
- US government or one of its offices or agencies

2

Concurrent Jurisdiction

both state and federal courts have jurisdiction

3

Original Jurisdiction

a trial court, the court in which a case is initially tried

4

Appellate Jurisdiction

if a person who loses a case in trial court wishes to appeal a decision

5

litigants

people engaged in a law suit

6

States' Rights Era and the Scott Case (3)

- Taney read an opinion that declared that blacks weren't and couldn't be citizens
- the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional
- Congress was powerless to stop the spread of slavery

7

Plessy v. Ferguson

established separate but equal doctrine

8

grand jury

hears charges against a person suspected of having committed a crime

9

indictment

a formal accusation charging a person with a crime

10

petit jury

weigh the evidence presented at a trial in a criminal or civil case

11

US marshal (3)

- makes arrests
- secures jurors
- keep order in the courtroom

12

US State Circuit Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit

hears cases from a federal claims court and executive agencies

13

US Court of Federal Claims

handles claims against the US for money damages

14

US Tax Court

relating to federal taxes

15

US Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces

hears cases involving members of the armed forces convicted of breaking military law

16

Territorial Courts

handle civil, criminal, and constitutional cases

17

Courts of the District of Colombia

civil and criminal cases within the District of Colombia

18

The Court of Veterans' Appeals

cases dealing with veterans' claims for benefits and other problems

19

Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court

approve wiretaps and searches of anyone suspected of terrorism

20

4 Ways Federal Judges are Selected

- Party Affiliation
- Judicial Philosophy
- Sentorial Courtesy
- Background of Federal Judges

21

Supreme Court Jurisdiction covers 2 types of cases

- cases involving reps of foreign governments
- certain cases in which a state is a party

22

Duties of Justices (3)

- decide which cases to hear
- decide the case itself
- determine an explanation for the decision aka the Court's opinion

23

Chief Justice (2)

- presiding over sessions and conferences at which cases are discussed
- helps administer the federal court system

24

Law Clerks (2)

- read all appeals filed with the Court and write memos summarizing the key issues of each case
- help prepare Court's opinion

25

Role of the American Bar Association

evaluate the professional qualifications of candidates for all Article lll judicial positions

26

Role of Other Interest Groups

use lobbyists, agents, and media to make their position on nominees

27

Role of Justices (2)

- write letters of rec
- lobby the president for a certain candidate

28

Marbury v. Madison

chief justice secured for the Court the power of judicial review