Chapter 12 Flashcards Preview

American Government (12th Grade) > Chapter 12 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 12 Deck (18)
Loading flashcards...
1

writ of certiorari

an order from the court to a lower court to send up the records on a case for review

2

on appeal

the decision of a lower federal or state court has been requested to be reviewed

3

The Solicitor General (3)

- appointed by president and represents the federal government before the Supreme Court
- link between executive and judicial branch
- determine whether the federal government should lower federal court decisions to the Supreme Court

4

per curiam opinion

a brief, unsigned statement of the Court's decision

5

brief

a written statement setting forth the legal arguments, relevant facts, and precedents supporting one side

6

anicus curiae briefs

groups claiming to have info useful to the Court's consideration of the case

7

unanimous opinion

vote same way

8

majority opinion

opinion of the majority

9

concurring opinion

justices agree with majority for different reasons

10

dissenting opinion

opinion of the minority

11

impound

president's refusal to spend money Congress has appropriated

12

Miranda v. Arizona

court ruled that police had acted unconstitutionally and had violated a suspect's rights

13

stare decisis

once the Court rules on a case, its decision serves as a precedent, or model, on which to base other decisions in similar cases

14

Limits on the Supreme Court (5)

- Types of Issues
- Types of Cases
- Limited Control Over Agenda
- Lack of Enforcement Power
- Checks and Balances

15

advisory opinion

a ruling on a law or action that has not been challenged

16

Influence of the Chief Justice (2)

- can direct discussion and frame alternatives
- makes up the 1st version of discuss list and assigns the writing of opinions to the justices

17

President's Influence on the Court (2)

- power to appoint justices with Senate consent
- enforcing Court decisions

18

Influence of Congress on the Court (5)

- limiting the Court's ability to hear certain cases
- Court rejects a law --> Congress can reenact it in a different form
- propose constitutional amendment to overturn a Court ruling
- right to set the justices' salaries
- set the number of justices on the Court