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Flashcards in Chapter 13 Deck (21)
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1

Freedom of Religion (5)

- gov't can't make laws interfering with free exercise of religion
- people can worship as they please
- no prayer in public schools
- banned polygamy
- can't force prayer upon others

2

pure speech

may be delivered calmly in the privacy of one's home or passionately in front of a crowd

3

symbolic speech

involves using actions and symbols, in addition or instead of words, to express opinions

4

seditious speech

any speech urging resistance to lawful authority or advocating to overthrow the government

5

bad tendency doctrine

speech could be restricted even if it had only a tendency to lead to illegal action

6

preferred position doctrine

holds that 1st Amendment freedoms are more fundamental than other freedoms because they provide the basis of all liberties

7

Smith Act

made it a crime to advocate revolution

8

Espionage Act of 1917

made it a crime to willfully utter, print, write, or publish anything disloyal or abusive about the government

9

defamatory speech

false speech that damages a person's good name, character, or reputation

10

slander

spoken defamatory speech

11

libel

written defamatory speech

12

"fighting words"

words that are so insulting that they provoke immediate violence

13

prior restraint

censorship of info before it's published

14

gag order

order by a judge barring the press from publishing certain types of info about a pending court case

15

shield laws

laws that give reporters some means of protection against being forced to disclose confidential info or sources in state courts

16

obscenity

society has the right to protection from obscene speech, pictures, and written material

17

advertising

speech that has profit motive

18

picketing

patrolling an establishment to convince workers and the public not to enter it

19

heckler's veto

public vetoes the free speech and assembly rights of unpopular groups by claiming demonstrations will result in violence

20

incorporation

a process that extended the protections of the Bill of Rights against the actions of state and local governments

21

establishment clause

prohibits Congress to establish a religion