Task 6 Flashcards Preview

Critical thinking > Task 6 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Task 6 Deck (22)
Loading flashcards...
1

What does a shaded part in a Venn diagram mean ?

- That the area is empty

2

What does placing an x in a Venn Diagramm stand for ?

- At least one thing exist in that area

3

What does no mark in an area stand for ?

- We do not have any knowledge regarding the area

4

What is meant by a conversion ?

- Switching subject and predicate and see if the argument is still equivelant ?
-> E and I is
-> A and O is not

5

What is meant by a obversion ?

- ALL S are P -> No S are non P
- No S are P -> All S are non P
- Some S are P -> Some S are not non P
- Some S are not P -> Some S are non P (doppel not gets crossed out)
- vaild for all ! (AEIO)

6

What is meant by a contraposition ?

- A and O is only valid
- E and I is not valid
- All S are -> All non P are non S
- No S are P -> No non P are non S
- Some S are P -> Some non P are non S
- Some S are not P--> Some non P are not non S
- ADD everywhere a non !
- Switch S and P

7

What is meant by a subject term ?

- First proposition in a sentence

8

What is meant by a predicate term ?

- Second proposition in a sentence

9

What does the letter A represent ?

All S are P

10

What does the letter E represent ?

No S are P

11

What does the letter I represent ?

Some S are P

12

What does the letter O represent ?

Some S are not P

13

What does affirmative mean ?

- "No and not" is not represented

14

What does negative mean ?

- "No and not" is represented

15

What does universal mean ?

- Something is being said about all members
- includes "All or NO"

16

What does particular mean ?

- Something is being said about a particular group
- "Some" is included

17

What is meant by a capula ?

- The link between terms
- "Are not / Are / is " is inluded

18

How is the distribution of the predicate term determined ?

1. If it is a Affirmative proposition then it is particular
2. if it is a negative proposition it is universal

19

What does contradictory mean ?

- Can not be true nor false at the same time !
- A vs O
- E vs I

20

What does Subcontrary mean ?

- Both can be true but not both false
- but they can be different

21

What does Subaltern mean ?

- They have to be the same (both true or both false)

22

What does Contrary mean ?

- Can not not be true at the same time but false and also different