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Flashcards in Sensory Deck (22)
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1

abnormal neurological condition in which language function is defective or absent; related to injury to the speech center in the cerebral cortex causing receptive or expressive aphasia

Aphasia

2

a motor speech disorder resulting from neurological injury of the motor component of the motor-speech system in which a person has difficulty using & controlling the muscles involved in when speaking

Dysarthria

3

the sensation of movement or strain in the muscles, tendons & joints; muscle sense

Kinesthetic

4

a continuum existing from fully awake, alert & cooperative to unresponsive to external stimuli

Level of Consciousness

5

having harmful effect on the eighth cranial (auditory) nerve or the organs of hearing & balance

Ototoxic

6

hearing loss associated with aging usually involving both loss of hearing sensitivity & reduction in clarity of speech

Presbycusis

7

gradual decline in ability of the lens to accommodate or to focus on close objects; reduces ability to see near objects clearly (commonly develops with advancing age)

Presbyopia

8

therapeutic modality for restoring an individual's sense of the present

Reality Orientation

9

system located in the upper brainstem containing special cells that maintain alertness & wakefulness; receives auditory, visual, pain & tactile sensory stimuli, activity from the cerebral cortex (emotions or thought processes)

Reticular Activating System (RAS)

10

state in which stimulation to one or more of the senses is lacking resulting in impaired sensory perception

Sensory Deprivation

11

state in which stimulation to one or more of the senses is so excessive that the brain disregards or does not meaningfully respond to stimulus

Sensory Overload

12

nocturnal agitation in a patient with Alzheimer's or dimentia

Sundown Syndrome

13

abnormal condition of the upper eyelid in which it droops, caused by weakness in the levator muscle or paralysis of the 3rd cranial nerve

Ptosis

14

drugs that constrict the pupil

Miotics

15

drugs that dilate the pupil

Mydriatics

16

receiving stimulus & data

Sensory Reception

17

conscious organizing & translation of stimuli/data into meaning

Sensory Perception

18

The 4 Conditions Necessary in Each Sensory Experience

STIMULUS (agent that can solicit response), RECEPTOR (sense organ that can convert stimuli), IMPULSE TO BRAIN (intact nerve pathway), & SENSATION (brain translates the experience)

19

Factors Affecting Sensory Function

Developmental Stage, Culture & Environment, Personality & Lifestyle, Stress, Illness, Medication

20

Patients At Risk for Altered Sensory Function

Nursing Home Patients, Isolated Healthcare Setting or Home Patients, Bed Rest Patients, Hospital Patients (overload)

21

Nursing Interventions for Disturbed Sensory Perception

Keep Functional & Meaningful Environment, Stimulate the Senses

22

Nursing Diagnoses for Sensory Alterations

Anxiety, Fear, Impaired Physical Motility, Hopelessness, Risk for Injury, Deficient Knowledge, Impaired Social Interaction, Bathing Self-Care Deficit, Risk for Falls