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Nursing Concepts > Bowel Elimination > Flashcards

Flashcards in Bowel Elimination Deck (32)
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1

medication that has short term action of emptying the bowel

Cathartics or Laxatives

2

contraction that propels food through the length of the GI tract

Peristalsis

3

surgical procedure in which an opening is made into the abdominal wall to allow the passage of intestinal contents from the bowel (colostomy)

Ostomy

4

artificially created opening between a body cavity & the body's surface

Stoma

5

passage of feces from the digestive tract through the rectum

Defecation

6

increase in the number of stools and the passage of liquid, unformed feces

Diarrhea

7

inability to control the passage of feces & gas from the anus

Fecal Incontinence

8

situation in which the patient is unable to expel the hardened feces retained in the rectum resulting from unrelieved constipation

Fecal Impaction

9

gas expelled from the digestive system

Flatulence

10

blood in the stool

Melena

11

temporary cessation of peristalsis

Ileus

12

having fewer than 3 bowel movements per week, greater than 25% of which are hard & require straining to evacuate the fecal matter

Constipation

13

instillation of a solution into the rectum & sigmoid colon given primarily to promote defecation by stimulating perstalsis

Enema

14

gas

Flatus

15

dilated, engorged veins in the lining of the rectum

Hemorrhoids

16

microscopic amounts of blood in the feces

Occult Blood

17

temporary or permanent opening in the abdomen created for waste excretion from the colon

Colostomy

18

in infants, the first product of a bowel movement usually 24 hours after birth

Meconium

19

medication that is inserted into the rectum that the patient holds

Suppository

20

inflation, stretching out (of the abdomen)

Distention

21

paralysis of the intestinal smooth muscles with distention of the abdomen, nausea or vomiting, abdominal pain & inability to pass or stool or gas...may occur after abdominal surgery or administration of narcotics

Paralytic Ileus

22

use of sigmoidoscope to inspect the sigmoid colon

Sigmoidoscopy

23

evacuation of the bowels

Stool

24

behavior modification program to help people with dysfunctional bowels regain the ability to have normal bowel movements

Bowel Training Program

25

Factors Affecting Bowel Elimination

diet, activity, psychological factors, defecation habits, medications, pregnancy, surgery

26

Nursing Diagnoses Associated with Bowel Elimination

Constipation, Risk for Constipation, Perceived Constipation, Diarrhea, Bowel Incontinence, Impaired Comfort, Risk for Injury, Risk for Fluid Imbalance, Anxiety

27

Nursing Interventions to Promote Normal Bowel Function

ensure privacy, time after meals, increase fiber & water, promote exercise, position patient

28

enema that draws water into the colon usually containing 90-120 mL of fluid & works in 5-10 min

Hypertonic Enema

29

enema that distends colon, stimulates perstalsis, & softens feces usually containing 500-1000 mL of tap water & works in 15-20 min

Hypotonic Enema

30

enema that distends colon, stimulates perstalsis, & softens feces usually containing 500-1000 mL of saline & works in 15-20 min

Isotonic Enema