Fluid & Electrolyte Balance Flashcards Preview

Nursing Concepts > Fluid & Electrolyte Balance > Flashcards

Flashcards in Fluid & Electrolyte Balance Deck (72)
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1

acid-base imbalance within the body that results from base deficit in the blood

Acidosis

2

acid-base imbalance within the body that results from base excess in the blood

Alkalosis

3

energy-requiring movement of electrolytes or other substances across cell membranes against a concentration gradient

Active Transport

4

hormone that regulates osmolality of body fluids by influencing how much water is excreted in urine

ADH (Antidiuretic Hormone)

5

hormone that regulates ECV by influencing how much sodium and water are excreted in the urine

Aldosterone

6

a calculation that reflects unmeasurable anions present in plasma; it is useful for identifying the cause of metabolic acidosis

Anion Gap

7

negatively charged ions

Anions

8

compound that separates into ions (charged particles) when dissolved in water

Electrolyte

9

positively charged ions

Cations

10

charged particles

Ions

11

infusion of a donor's blood into a patient

Allogenic Transfusion

12

collection and reinfusion of a patient's own blood

Autologous Transfusion

13

analysis of the acid-base balance and oxygenation in the blood

Arterial Blood Gas (ABG)

14

pairs of chemicals that work together to maintain normal pH of body fluids; main one= bicarbonate buffer system, hemoglobin, protein buffers and phosphate buffers

Buffers

15

hypernatremia occurring in combination with ECV deficit

Clinical Dehydration

16

blood product...large particles that does not normally pass through cell and capillary membranes and do not readily dissolve into true solutions

Colloids

17

electrolyte therapy

Crystalloids

18

inward-pulling force caused by the presence of protein molecules

Colloid Osmotic Pressure (Oncotic Pressure)

19

osmolality of body fluids

Concentration

20

concentration of body fluids

Osmolality

21

passive movement of electrolytes or other particles from an area of higher concentration to one of lower concentration

Diffusion

22

IV pumps used for fluid replacement

Electronic Infusion Device (EID)

23

a third of a body's fluid that is intravascular...the least stable of the body fluids

Extracellular Fluid Volume (ECV)

24

occurs when there is too much isotonic fluid in the extracellular compartment

ECV Excess

25

occurs when there is too small a volume of isotonic fluid in the vascular and interstitial areas

ECV Deficit

26

decreased vascular volume in the ECV deficit

Hypovolemia

27

abnormally high Na+ concentration in ECF caused by loss of relatively more water than salt or gain of relatively more salt than water

Hypernatremia

28

abnormally low Na+ concentration in ECF, which occurs from gaining relatively more water than salt or losing relatively more salt than water

Hyponatremia

29

an inadequate level of K+ in the blood

Hypokalemia

30

abnormally low blood concentration of total Ca+ or ionized Ca+

Hypocalcemia