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Flashcards in Mobility/Activity Deck (93)
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1

normal state of balances muscle tension

Muscle Tone

2

midpoint or center of the weight of a body

Center of Gravity

3

means maintaining optimal body position

Posture

4

the effect of rubbing or resistance that a moving body meets from the surface on which it moves

Friction

5

articulation or connection between bones

Joint

6

movement by certain joints that increases the angle between two adjoining bones

Extension

7

the awareness of the position of the body and its parts...dependent on impulses from the inner ear and receptors in joints & ligaments

Proprioception

8

coordinated efforts of the muscoskeletal and nervous systems to maintain proper balance, posture, and body alignment

Body Mechanics

9

range of movement of a joint, from maximum extension to maximum flexion, as measured in degrees of a circle

Range of Motion (ROM)

10

type and amount of exercise or work that a person is able to perform without undue exertion of injury

Activity Tolerance

11

position in which a patient rests on the back with a flat pillow supporting the head, neck & upper shoulders

Supine Position

12

rolled towel support placed against the hips and upper leg to prevent external rotation of the legs

Trochanter Rolls

13

soft, foot-shaped devices designed to reduce the risk of footdrop by maintaining the foot in dorsiflexion

Foot Boots

14

an abnormal neuromuscular condition of the lower leg & foot, characterized by an inability to dorsiflex, or evert, the foot

Footdrop

15

flexion toward the back

Dorsiflexion

16

toe-down motion of the foot at the ankle

Plantar Flexion

17

position of maximal extension of a joint

Hyperextension

18

position in which the patient is semi-prone on the right or left side with the opposite arm, thigh & knee flexed & resting on the bed

Sims' Position

19

position in which the patient's head of the bed is at a 30-45 degree angle

Semi-Fowler's Position

20

position in which the patient's head of the bed is at a 60 to 90 degree angle

Fowler's or High-Fowler's Position

21

a drop in BP of 20 mm Hg or more systolic or 10 mm Hg diastolic when rising from a sitting to standing position

Orthostatic Hypotension

22

ROM exercises in which the patient is able to move his/her own joints

Active Range-of-Motion (ROM) Exercises

23

ROM exercises in which you (healthcare professional) moves the patient's joints for them

Passive Range-of-Motion (PROM) Exercises

24

manner or style of walking including rythm, cadence & speed

Gait

25

lateral movement of a limb or digit away from the median plane of the body

Abduction

26

lateral movement of a limb or digit toward the median plane of the body

Adduction

27

activities of daily living

ADL's

28

taking place in the presence of oxygen

Aerobic

29

exercise during which oxygen is metabolized to produce energy...required fro sustained periods of physical exertion & vigorous athletic activity

Aerobic Exercise

30

the act of arranging in a straight line

Alignment