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Flashcards in Community Based Nursing Deck (31)
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individuals adopting specific health programs such as weight reduction or smoking cessation; requires patients to be actively involved in measures to improve their present and future levels of wellness while decreasing the risk for disease

Active Strategies of Health Promotion


care that takes place in community settings (outside traditional healthcare facilities) such as the home or a clinic where the focus is on the nursing care of the individual or family achieving a healthy living environment

Community-Based Nursing


nursing care provided in the community, with the primary focus on the promotion/maintenance of health of individuals, families and groups in the community

Community Health Nursing


model that describes the multidimensional nature of people as they interact within their environment to pursue health; focuses on 3 areas: (1) individual characteristics (2) behavior-specific cognitions & affect (3) behavioral outcomes; DIRECTED AT INCREASING A PATIENT'S LEVEL OF WELL-BEING

Health Promotion Model


a system of family-centered care that allows patient to live and remain at home with comfort, independence & dignity while alleviating the strains caused by terminal illness



the rate of new cases of a disease in a specified population over a defined period of time; EX: new infections, adolescent pregnancy rates, teenage motor vehicle collisions

Incident Rates


set of behaviors that ill people adopt influenced by sociocultural and social psychological factors; involves how people monitor their bodies and define/interpret their symptoms

Illness Behaviors


activities such as immunization programs that protect patients from actual or potential threats to health

Illness Prevention


model that explains the basic needs of patients and families, their behaviors, and their readiness to take part in health promotion activities

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs


individuals gaining from the activities of others without acting themselves; EX: flouride in drinking water

Passive Strategies of Health Promotion


true prevention that precedes disease or dysfunction and applies to patients considered physically and emotionally healthy

Primary Prevention


prevention that focuses on people who are experiencing health problems or illnesses and who are at risk for developing complications or worsening conditions

Secondary Prevention


prevention that occurs when a defect or disability is permanent, irreversible and stabilized

Tertiary Prevention


schools, physicians' or health care providers' offices, occupational health clinics, or nursing centers

Primary Care


"community health nursing"...focuses on understanding the needs of a population or a collection of individuals who have in common one or more personal or environmental characteristics; EX: infants, older adults, Native Americans

Public Health Nursing


any situation, habit, environmental condition, physiological condition or other variable that increases an individual's or group's vulnerability to an illness or accident; Types include: genetic/physiological factors, age, physical environment, & lifestyle

Risk Factor


teaching people how to care for themselves in a healthy way including topics such as physical awareness, stress management and self-responsibility

Wellness Education


groups of patients who are more likely to develop health problems as a result of excess risks, limited access to health care services, and dependency on others for care

Vulnerable Populations


model of health that addresses the relationship between a person's beliefs and behaviors

Health Belief Model


model of health that attempts to meet the patient's basic needs: Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

Basic Human Needs Model


model of health that focuses on emotional/spiritual well-being (a comprehensive view of a person as a biophysical and spiritual being)

Holistic Health Model


Healthy People 2020 Goals

attain high-quality longer lives, achieve health equality, create social & physical environments that promote good health, promote quality of life across all life stages


Internal Variables Influencing Health & Health Practices

Developmental Stage, Intellectual Background, Emotional Factors, Spiritual Factors


External Variables Influencing Health & Health Practices

Family Practices, Socioeconomic Factors, Cultural Background


Stages of Behavior Change

(1) Precontemplation (2) Contemplation (3) Preparation (4) Action (5) Maintenance


Impact of Illness on Patient & Family

behavioral/emotional changes, body image impact, self-concept impact, family roles/dynamics impact


Improved Delivery of Health Care Occurs How?

(1) Assessment of healthcare needs of individuals, families & communities (2) Development/Implementation of healthcare policies (3) Improved access to care


activities directed toward identifying future proposed therapy and the need for additional resources before and after returning home

Discharge Planning


a level of care that is designed to relieve or reduce intensity of uncomfortable symptoms but not to produce a cure...relies on comfort measures and use of alternative therapies to help individuals become more at peace at the end of life

Palliative Care


objectives of the Healthy People 2020 campaign selected to communicate high-priority health issues and actions that can be taken to address them

Leading Health Indicators