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Flashcards in Nutrition Deck (29)
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1

a systematic measurement of the size and makeup of the body using height & weight as the principal measure

Anthropometric Measurement

2

standard norms for normal height-weight relationships

Ideal Body Weight

3

energy needs of a person at rest after awakening

Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR)

4

calculated from height & weight in children and adults and used as a reliable indicator for body fat

Body Mass Index (BMI)

5

nutrient reference values developed by the Institute of Medicine used to serve as a guide for good nutrition and provide the scientific basis for the development of food guidelines such as recommended amts of vitamins in both the US & Canada

Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs)

6

administration of nutrients & fluid into the stomach or intestinal tract via a feeding tube

Enteral Nutrition (EN)

7

inorganic elements that catalyze biochemical reactions

Minerals

8

acheivement of equal intake & output of nitrogen in the body

Nitrogen Balance

9

organic substances found in foods that are essential for normal metabolism

Vitamins

10

type of cholesterol (high density & low density)

Lipoprotein

11

loss of muscle due to aging...can be decreased with weight bearing exercise

Sarcopenia

12

Normal Pre-Albumin Level

20-40

13

Normal Transferrin Level

200-400

14

nutrition provided to a patient through IV

Parenteral Nutrition

15

nutrition provided to a patient through infusing into a peripheral IV line...not as concentrated

Peripheral Parenteral Nutrition

16

nutrition provided to patient solely though IV (GI system may not be intact)

Total Parenteral Nutrition (TPN)

17

make up 95% of the fat in the body...include saturated, unsaturated & transfat

Triglycerides

18

occurs when patient is not eating enough protein...increase with supplements, patient teaching

Protein Energy Malnutrition

19

lacking teeth

Edentulous

20

vitamin in sweet potatoes & carrots...good for eyes, skin & hair

Vitamin A

21

vitamin in milk, yogurt...good for bones

Vitamin D

22

vitamin in corn, nuts & green veggies...good for heart, antioxidant

Vitamin E

23

vitamin in green, leafy veggies...good for coagulation

Vitamin K

24

vitamin that is decreased in alcoholics

Vitamin B1 Thiamin

25

vitamin used for hypercholesteremia

Vitamin B3 Niacin

26

vitamin in animal products, liver & lean meat...deficiency results in pernicious anemia, neuritis, sore mouth/tongue, nerve damage

Vitamin B12 Cobalamin

27

vitamin in organ meats, red meats, raisins...needed for RBC development, energy & O2 transport...vitamin C will increase absorption...do not give with dairy products, caffeine, eggs, antacids or PPIs (decreased absorption)

Iron

28

1 Liter of Fluid is equal to...

1 kg of weight

29

Risk Factors for Malnutrition

D.E.T.E.R.M.I.N.E!! Disease, Eating poorly, Tooth loss/mouth pain, Economic Hardship, Reduced social interaction, Multiple Medications, Involuntary weight loss, Needs assistance, Elder (above 80)