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Flashcards in Genitourinary (GU) Deck (33)
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1

absence of urine formation

Anuria

2

life-threatening blood stream infection; organisms in the bloodstream

Bacteremia or Urosepsis

3

bacteria in the urine

Bacteriuria

4

irritation of the bladder

Cystitis

5

excision of the urinary bladder or a part of it

Cystectomy

6

increased rate of formation and excretion of urine

Diuresis

7

an agent that increases urine output; increasing urine secretion

Diuretic

8

burning or pain with urination

Dysuria

9

involuntary discharge of urine after the age at which bladder control should have been established

Enuresis

10

inability of a usually continent person to reach the toilet in time to avoid unintentional loss of urine

Functional Incontinence

11

receptacle for volume measurement

Graduated Measuring Container

12

blood in the urine

Hematuria

13

involuntary delay in initiating urination

Hesitancy

14

a method of diverting the urinary flow by transplanting the ureters in a prepared and isolated segment of ileum, which is sutured closed on one end with the other end connected to an opening in the abdominal wall

Ileal Conduit

15

urination; the act of passing or expelling urine voluntarily through the urethra

Micturition

16

toxic to and damaging of the kidney tissues

Nephrotoxic

17

urinary output of less than 400 mL per day resulting in renal failure if not reversed

Oliguria

18

urine that remains in the bladder after urination

Postvoid Residual

19

excessive thirst, a symptom suggestive of dehydration, hyperglycemia or hypovolemia

Polydipsia

20

excessive secretion and discharge of urine

Polyuria

21

loss of proteins (such as albumin or globulins) in the urine; may be transient or may reflect severe underlying kidney or systemic illness

Proteinuria

22

inflammation of the kidney & renal pelvis, usually due to a bacterial infection that has ascended from the urinary bladder

Pylonephritis

23

volume of urine remaining in the bladder after a normal voiding; the bladder normally is almost completely empty after micturition

Residual Urine

24

sudden leakage of urine with activities that increase intra-abdominal pressure

Stress Incontinence

25

an opening in the abdominal wall

Stoma

26

the mass of a substance compared with the mass of an equal volume of water

Specific Gravity

27

a permanent urinary diversion created by transplanting the ureters into a closed-off portion of the intestinal ileum

Ureterostomy

28

involuntary passage of urine occurring soon after a strong sense of urgency to void

Urge Incontinence

29

intermittent or complete absence of ability to control loss of urine from the bladder

Urinary Incontinence

30

a surgical procedure that diverts urine to the outside of the body through a stoma; constructed from a section of intestine to create a storage reservoir or conduit for urine

Urinary Diversion