Flashcards in Psychological Development Deck (29)
Development takes place in context of 2 things:
development time frame?
throughout life course
2 kinds of milestones:
2. sensitive periods
Culture is stable?
changes over time
transmitted from generation to generation
most work by developmental psychs done on?
Erikson's theory is how many stages? what was his main point?
step by step growth
critical time periods
Problems with Erikson's theory
hard to test
not enough negative development
Developmental task is?
task arises at certain time in person's life = happiness and future task success
weakness with tasks approach?
timeframes change with socioculture
trajectories and turning points are?
trajectory: sum of forces towards a direction
turning point: disruption in trajectory, impact life destinations
importance of early experiences on life trajectories may result in:
chain reactions and cumulative effects
potential for change in life during what events?
transactional model means?
multiple factors operate dynamically and bi-directionally
what is a matrix of disadvantage example?
parents of children with disruptive behaviour disorders have more domestic violence, substance abuse etc.
Gene-environment interactions means?
some environments will switch on certain genes
Genes contribute how much to behavioural traits?
deprivation of early maternal care messes with what NT?
what is multifinality?
one risk factor leading to multiple outcomes
what is equifinality?
several risk factors all contributing to one outcome eg. depression
2 kinds of protective factors:
older age group example of internal protective factors?
positive self-perceptions of aging leads to better health behaviours
temperament genetic heritability is around?
4 dimensions of temperament?
1. harm avoidance
2. reward dependence
3. novelty seeking
dynamic process emcompassing positive adaptation during significant adversity
resilience focussed on which pop?
Resilience is innate?
can be learned
after adverse event 4 things can happen:
survival with impairment
Resilence does not mean?
avoidance of all stressors or adversity