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Flashcards in principles of government definitions Deck (29)
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1

government

the institution through which a society makes and enforces it's public policies

2

public policies

the things that government decides to do (taxation, education, crime, health care, transportation, etc)

3

legislative

makes laws

4

executive

power to execute, enforce, and administer laws

5

judicial

interpret law and settle disputes

6

democracy

when a government is controlled by the people

7

republic

people vote for the people to make decisions

8

dictatorship

government holds all of the power and is not accountable to the people

9

autocracy

a single person has unlimited power

10

oligarchy

government controlled by a small group of elite people

11

theocracy

government ruled by a religious figure

12

communist government

controls all parts of the economy and the media (no free speech)

13

ordered government

things should be simple and local

14

limited government

the individual has rights and the government should be LIMITED in its power

15

representative government

the government should serve the will of the people

16

magna carta

barons in England (rich dudes) wrote their rights in order to have protection against king john

17

petition of right

meant to limit the kings power
couldnt be sent to prison with a trial by jury
king cant impose martial law in times of peace

18

bill of rights

cannot be standing army in peacetime without the consent of parliament (standing army = higher taxes)
guaranteed a fair trial and no excessive bail

19

charter

a written grant of authority from the king

20

royal colony

under direct control of the king
virginia

21

proprietary colony

organized by a person who was granted land by the king

22

Albany plan of union

talk abt trade in the colonies and what could be done when the colonists were attacked by the French and or native americans

23

stamp act congress

bc many colonists were angry at the new taxes
taxation without representation

24

repeal

cancel

25

boycott

refusal to buy or sell certain goods

26

popular sovereignty

a government can only exist with the consent of the governed

27

articles of confederation

new federal government

28

unicameral

one house

29

mount vernon

GW'S house