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1

what branch is congress apart of

legislative

2

the constitution created congress as a ______________________

bicameral legislation

3

how many houses does British parliament have

2

4

was creating a bicameral legislation controversial

yes

5

great compromise

senate: each state is equal
house: representation based on pop

6

what did framers of the constitution think about having two houses

they thought it would keep one house from being too powerful
they also wanted to make sure the Legislative Branch would not dominate the other two branches

7

how long does each term of Congress last

2 years

8

when is the start date of each new term or congress

the date of the 20th amendment Jan 3rd

9

when is congress in session

most of the year

10

when are house seats reapportioned

every 10 years

11

how many seats were originally in the house

41

12

as the US grew, what happened to the number of seats

more were added

13

what does a special session deal with

some sort of emergency or when congress is dragging its feet on a topic

14

who was the last president to call a special session

Harry Truman

15

how many joint special sessions of Congress have ever been called

27

16

who decides how many seats to apportion

The house

17

how many members are in the House

435

18

each state has at least ___ representative(s)

one

19

how many states only have one representatives

seven

20

how much does each member of the house serve

each serves a two year term (with no term limits)

21

how many times can a house member run

as many

22

when are elections for congress held

they are held on election day

23

when is election day

first tuesday after the first monday in november

24

who usually wins the midterm election

the party not in the house

25

what is a voting district

states decide what that means

26

what is the major issue when creating voting districts

gerrymandering

27

what are the purposes of gerrymandering

the party in power wants to concentrate the opposition partys votes in a few districts
or the party in power can try to spread the opposition party thinly (no way they could challenge)

28

what is the reason that most house seats are "safe"

gerrymandering

29

is gerrymandering controversial

yes

30

what rule did the supreme court make fore gerrymandering

states cannot create district lines to insure that there will be more minority representation in the house
race can be a factor but not a reason