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Flashcards in Quarter 4 Test Deck (38)
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1

a case that could be tried in either Federal or state court

concurrent jurisdiction

2

lower federal courts below the supreme court

inferior courts

3

deals with judicial power in the US (courts of appeals, district courts, and the US Court of International Trade)

constitutional courts

4

most cases in federal court fall in this category; this means that the case can only be heard in federal court

exclusive jurisdiction

5

judicial decision that serves as a guide for settling later cases of a similar nature

precedent

6

a justice who may agree with the Majority Opinion, but writes their own opinion because the Majority Opinion may not address a certain issue
came to majority decision differently

concurring opinion

7

one or more justices may write a _____ if they disagree with the majority opinion
do not become legal precedents

dissenting opinion

8

at least four of the nine justices must agree that a case should be put on the courts docket (schedule)

rule of four

9

sets out the facts in a case, identifies the issues it presents and details the reasons for the majority's decision
stands as precendent

majority opinion

10

chief justice of the SC

john roberts (2005)

11

list the supreme court justices from oldest to newest (8) minus chief justice

Clarence Thomas
RBG
Stephen Breyer
Samuel Alito
Sonia Sotomayor
Elena kagan
Neil Forsuch
Brett Kavanaugh

12

TRUE/FALSE: Generally, Federal District courts only hear lawsuits

False

13

TRUE/FALSE: Interest Groups try and influence the Presidents choice for federal judges

True

14

TRUE/FALSE: A federal court will hear a case that involves an official of the American Government

true

15

TRUE/FALSE: Appellate courts have the ability to re-try a case

false

16

TRUE/FALSE: The power if the federal courts is limited by the constitution

true

17

TRUE/FALSE: If the supreme court decides not to hear a case, then the decision of the lower court will stand

true

18

TRUE/FALSE: Dissenting opinions can be used as legal precedents

false

19

a country that provides social services at little or no direct cost

welfare state

20

a market in which buyers and sellers are free to buy and sell what they want

free market

21

all human produced goods and services

capital

22

when the government takes over all privately owned industries

nationalization

23

government bureaucrats plan for the development of the economy over a period of years

command economy

24

an individual with the drive and ambition to combine land, labor, and capital resources to produce goods or offer sevices

entrepreneur

25

a company that is the only source of a product or service and can charge basically whatever

monopoly

26

Venezuelan leader who created a socialist government

hugo chavez

27

soviet leader who took over the ownership of farms and factories

josef stalin

28

north korean communist leader who has repeatedly threatened to invade south korea

kim jong un

29

wrote the book wealth of nations; he is often seen as the father of capitalism

adam smith

30

first communist leader of the soviet union

vladmir lenin