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Flashcards in Portable Computing Deck (22)
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Traditionally features a massive screen, a roomy keyboard, a dedicated graphics card, the latest high-end mobile processors, plenty of hard drive space, tons of ports, and maybe an optical drive. Power first, portability second.

Desktop Replacement


Tend to have flashy designs, typically come loaded with the latest top-end processors, graphics cards, RAM, SSDs, and large, high-quality displays

Gaming Laptop


A portable computer running Google’s Linux-based Chrome OS. Offers an experience focused on Web applications by making use of virtually unlimited data storage in the Cloud and Software as a Service (SaaS) applications available over the Web



Touchscreen computers somewhere along the spectrum from laptop-and-tablet to tablet-to-laptop



Laptops that can “convert” into something you can use like a tablet. Some have removable screens while others have special hinges that enable you to fold the entire device up and use it like a tablet



Device with a tablet form factor that is designed to integrate with a detachable keyboard (which may or may not come bundled with the device)



Major difference between laptop LCDs and desktop LCDs

LCD frame contains an antenna and may contain a camera and a microphone


Laptop screen finish that was the industry standard for many years and offered a good trade-off between color richness and glare reduction. The better screens have a wide viewing angle and decent response time. Major drawback is that they wash out a lit in bright light



Laptop screen finish that offers sharper contrast, richer colors, and wider viewing angles. Drawback is that they pick up lots of reflection from nearby objects



Wireless standard common for older laptops

802.11g or 802.11n


Wireless standard for newer portable computers



Standard for expansion slots that were replaced by USB. Comes in two widths - 34mm and 54mm - are 75mm long and 5mm thick. Connect to either the Hi-Speed USB2.0 (max throughput of 480Mbps) or the PCIe bus (max throughput of 2.5Gbps)



Most common ways to enhance an older laptop that has an ExpressCard slot

SmartCard Reader and Cellular Card


Offer legacy and modern single- and multi-function ports. Traditional ones use a proprietary connection, though the high speeds of USB 3.x and Thunderbolt 2 and 3 have made universal docks more common

Docking Stations


Supplies one of the most critical aspects of docking stations, but in a smaller, more portable format: support for connectors that the laptop lacks

Port Replicator


Type of batteries for portable computers

Nickel-Cadmium (Ni-Cd), Nickel-Metal Hydride (Ni-MH), and Lithium-Ion (Li-Ion)


Batteries that are more powerful and last much longer than Ni-Cd and Ni-MH. They will explode if overcharged or punctured but there is built-in circuitry to prevent accidental overcharging



The system and all components, with the exception of the real-time clock (RTC), are off

Mechanical Off Mode


The system is mostly off except for components necessary for the keyboard, LAN, or USB devices to wake the system

Soft Power-Off Mode


A device can wake quickly because it doesn’t power down the RAM, enabling the system to save its place. If the device loses power unexpectedly, it can lose whatever was in RAM

Sleep Mode


Devices wake more slowly because they save everything in RAM to a hard drive (and restoring it all takes a moment) before powering down. Saves more power and won’t lose its place if the device loses power

Hibernate Mode


Reduces the cost of video cards by reducing the amount of memory on the video card itself. The video card uses regular system RAM to make up for the loss. If allowed control of this, it can be found in CMOS setup

Shared Memory