Essential Peripherals Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Essential Peripherals Deck (66)
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1

Manifests as a 9-pin, D-shell male socket

Serial Ports

2

Names of serial ports and connections

DB-9 and RS-232

3

General purpose serial interconnect for keyboards, printers, joysticks, and many other devices. Enables hot-swapping of devices

Universal Serial Bus (USB)

4

Integrated circuit normally built into the chipset that acts as the interface between the system and every USB device that connects to it

USB Host Controller

5

Part of the host controller that makes the physical connection to the USB ports

USB Root Hub

6

1.5 Mbps max speed for this USB standard

Low-Speed USB/USB 1.1

7

12 Mbps max speed for this USB standard

Full-Speed USB/USB1.1

8

480 Mbps max speed for this USB standard; fully backwards compatible with USB1.1

Hi-Speed USB/USB 2.0

9

5 Gbps max speed for this USB standard; fully backwards compatible with USB 2.0

SuperSpeed USB/USB 3.0

10

10 Gbps max speed for this USB standard; fully backwards compatible with USB 2.0

SuperSpeed USB 10 Gbps/USB 3.1

11

Adapter card that allows a motherboard to take advantage of faster speed USBs

USB Expansion Cards

12

Connectors that plug upstream toward the host controller (plugged into the computer)

USB A

13

Connectors plug downstream into USB devices

USB B

14

Tends to reference USB Mini-B

Mini-USB

15

Tends to reference USB Micro-B

Micro-USB

16

Reversible USB-type cable that supports up to USB 3.1 with a top speed of 10 Gbps. Quickly becoming the de facto standard port on Android devices. Thunderbolt-enabled USB C ports can reach top speeds of 40 Gbps

USB C

17

An open standards connector interface that is primarily used to connect peripherals to devices, including mobile devices, if they have a corresponding port

Thunderbolt

18

A device that extends a single USB connection to 2+ ports, almost always directly from one of the USB ports connected to the root hub

USB Hub

19

Interconnection standard to send wide-band signals over a serialized, physically thin connector system. Serial bus developed by Apple and Texas Instruments; enables connection of 63 devices at speeds up to 800 Mbps. Mostly supplanted by Thunderbolt

FireWire (IEEE 1394)

20

FireWire standard that runs at 400 Mbps

IEEE1394a

21

FireWire standard that runs at 800 Mbps

IEEE1394b

22

Runs full duplex at 10 Gbps, so it compares to USB 3.1; connects computing devices with a Mini Display Port (mDP) connector

Thunderbolt 1

23

Combines internal data channels, enabling throughput up to 20 Gbps; connects computing devices with a Mini Display Port (mDP) connector

Thunderbolt 2

24

Offers throughput up to 40 Gbps at half the power consumption of Thunderbolt 2; uses a USB C connector

Thunderbolt 3

25

A hardware device that most commonly enables multiple computers to be viewed and controlled by a single mouse, keyboard, and screen. Some reverse that capability, enabling a single computer to be controlled by multiple keyboards, mice, and other devices

Keyboard, Video, Mouse (KVM) Switch

26

Enables users to paint, ink, pencil, or otherwise draw on a computer. Received input using a special surface

Digitizer/Pen table

27

A process in which computers capture/record sound waves in electronic format. In simple terms, it means capturing the state or quality of a particular sound wave a set number of times each second. Measured in kilohertz (KHz)

Sampling

28

Loudness

Amplitude

29

How high or low the tone

Frequency

30

Qualities that differentiate the same note played on different instruments

Timbre