Flashcards in Human Growth Across Lifespan Deck (58)
Theory of human development by Jean Piaget
Cognitive development theory
Life-span perspective of development: plastic development
Involves the capacity to change
Life-span perspective of development: contextual development
Occurs within families, schools, peer groups, neighborhoods, universities, and countries
Life-span perspective of development: multidimensional developement
Includes how body, mind, emotions, and relationships change and affect one another
Life-span perspective of development: co-constructional development
Involves biological, cultural, and individual factors
Gathering info for a study by observing and recording behavior
Nature vs Nurture
Involves the extent to which heredity and the environment influence development
A child greets peers with aggression and elicits hostility from those peers (type of heredity environment correlation?)
Evocative genotype-environment correlation
Period of prenatal development when connections form between neurons
How does exposure to teratogens affect prenatal development?
- causing physical defects
- impairing cognitive and behavioral function
Genotypes vs Phenotypes
Genotypes are genetic makeup, phenotypes are physical characteristics
Abnormal accumulation of lipids in the nervous system, leading to deceleration of mental and physical development
Which teratogen causes low birth weight, subnormal length and head circumference, excitability, and subnormal reflexes?
Cephalocaudal Pattern of Growth
Controlling trunk muscles before controlling legs and feet
Which two events occur after "first word" milestone?
- two word utterances
- rapid expansion of word comprehension
What factor leads an infant to create new motor behavior (according to dynamic systems theory?)
Development of the nervous system
What infant behavior is an example of Piaget's Theory of accommodation?
Learning to use a straw rather that drink from a bottle or breast
When do infants typically develop a pincer grasp?
What image evokes a positive response from two week old infants?
The outline of a face
The biological factor that allows infants the ability to regulate emotion?
Maturity of the frontal lobe and the cerebral cortex
Based on Harlow's research on attachment, what does a frightened infant seek from their caregiver?
Warmth and comfort
Which of Erickson's stages is represented by this scenario: a child cries and is picked up by their parent, so the child learns it's needs will be provided for.
Trust vs mistrust
What type of play is rolling a cup on the ground and pretending it is a car?
What does maltreatment in childhood often lead to in adulthood?
Difficulty establishing close relationships
Evolutionary psychology theory
The adaptation to physical differences in men and women led to their psychological differences
Erickson's third stage of developement
Initiative results in the raising of self esteem, but it can also produce feelings of guilt
Which attitude do first born children exhibit more of?
Physical growth of the brain in early childhood
Rapid growth occurs in the frontal lobe
The health problem which kills the most in children age 1-4