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Flashcards in Human Growth Across Lifespan Deck (58)
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1

Theory of human development by Jean Piaget

Cognitive development theory

2

Life-span perspective of development: plastic development

Involves the capacity to change

3

Life-span perspective of development: contextual development

Occurs within families, schools, peer groups, neighborhoods, universities, and countries

4

Life-span perspective of development: multidimensional developement

Includes how body, mind, emotions, and relationships change and affect one another

5

Life-span perspective of development: co-constructional development

Involves biological, cultural, and individual factors

6

Descriptive research

Gathering info for a study by observing and recording behavior

7

Nature vs Nurture

Involves the extent to which heredity and the environment influence development

8

A child greets peers with aggression and elicits hostility from those peers (type of heredity environment correlation?)

Evocative genotype-environment correlation

9

Fetal period

Period of prenatal development when connections form between neurons

10

How does exposure to teratogens affect prenatal development?

- causing physical defects
- impairing cognitive and behavioral function

11

Genotypes vs Phenotypes

Genotypes are genetic makeup, phenotypes are physical characteristics

12

Tay-Sachs disease

Abnormal accumulation of lipids in the nervous system, leading to deceleration of mental and physical development

13

Which teratogen causes low birth weight, subnormal length and head circumference, excitability, and subnormal reflexes?

Cocaine

14

Cephalocaudal Pattern of Growth

Controlling trunk muscles before controlling legs and feet

15

Which two events occur after "first word" milestone?

- two word utterances
- rapid expansion of word comprehension

16

What factor leads an infant to create new motor behavior (according to dynamic systems theory?)

Development of the nervous system

17

What infant behavior is an example of Piaget's Theory of accommodation?

Learning to use a straw rather that drink from a bottle or breast

18

When do infants typically develop a pincer grasp?

8-9 months

19

What image evokes a positive response from two week old infants?

The outline of a face

20

The biological factor that allows infants the ability to regulate emotion?

Maturity of the frontal lobe and the cerebral cortex

21

Based on Harlow's research on attachment, what does a frightened infant seek from their caregiver?

Warmth and comfort

22

Which of Erickson's stages is represented by this scenario: a child cries and is picked up by their parent, so the child learns it's needs will be provided for.

Trust vs mistrust

23

What type of play is rolling a cup on the ground and pretending it is a car?

Symbolic play

24

What does maltreatment in childhood often lead to in adulthood?

Difficulty establishing close relationships

25

Evolutionary psychology theory

The adaptation to physical differences in men and women led to their psychological differences

26

Erickson's third stage of developement

Initiative results in the raising of self esteem, but it can also produce feelings of guilt

27

Which attitude do first born children exhibit more of?

Conscientiousness

28

Physical growth of the brain in early childhood

Rapid growth occurs in the frontal lobe

29

The health problem which kills the most in children age 1-4

Cancer

30

Piagets cognitive development theory

Depicts development as a series of distinct stages