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Flashcards in Elementary Reading Methods and Interventions Deck (67)
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Which stage of writing development involves correcting mechanical elements such as grammar, punctuation, and spelling?



Which term describes young children who read words based on visual cues?

Pre-alphabetic stage


Why is oral language development critical to reading development?

Students draw on the complexities of spoken language as a bridge to emergent literacy.


How are reading and writing development connected?

Writing extends reading experiences to integrate what students know in a logical way.


Which research-based strategy most effectively assists teaching students about the accomplishments of several historical figures?

Students create Venn diagrams using trade books and their history text.


A gifted and talented sixth-grade class is studying Native American culture. The teacher wants students to develop their reading and writing skills while completing the standards-based lesson plan.

The lesson plan in the curriculum guide states that the students will do the following:

• Read three books on Native American culture.
• Research where and how most Native Americans live today. Find two sources.
• Write a book report on a self-selected book about the Native American culture.

How could the teacher adapt the lesson plan to help these gifted and talented students improve their reading and writing skills?

Have the gifted and talented students create graphic organizers as they work independently to write and publish their papers on Native American culture


A reading teacher works with gifted and talented sixth- and seventh-graders. The teacher has created a standards-based lesson plan concerning Native American culture:

• Read a book on Native American culture.
• Research the lives of famous Native Americans.
• Locate three sources on the internet about foods, customs, and culture of Native Americans.
• Create a visual presentation to show what was learned.
• Present the findings in a presentation to the class.

Which two strategies could the teacher use to adapt this lesson plan to help improve students' vocabulary skills?

- Have students write an essay about famous Native Americans in which they use ten new vocabulary words
- Have each student create a graphic organizer that includes at least five new vocabulary words to depict what they learned about Native American cultures


A sixth-grade teacher is having students read Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone.

Before beginning reading, she wants the class to think about the book and anticipate story events.

Which strategy can the teacher use to most effectively build students' pre-reading comprehension skills?

Have students look at the book's front cover, pose questions, and make predictions


Second-grade students read part of a story in their assigned groups about a boisterous boy and his quiet, five-year-old sister. The boy took his sister for a walk around the block as his mother instructed him to do. The little girl wanted to stop to look at the leaves, feel the grass, and watch a butterfly. The boy became impatient.

The students were asked to predict what might happen next by working in their groups to write an ending to the story.

Which scenario illustrates students working within sociocultural theory to complete the story?

The students worked within their group exchanging ideas and rereading the story. They agreed on an ending together.



The relationship between letters and sounds


Phonemic awareness

The understanding that spoken words can be broken into sounds


Comprehension strategies

Flexible plans adapted to a variety of tasks



Supporting student learning to higher levels


Which practice should be included in a comprehensive, balanced approach to literacy development for elementary students?

Using books from a variety of genres and sources



Provides opportunities for reflection



Generates ideas for writing


Venn Diagram

Allows a comparison of ideas


Semantic mapping

Organizes ideas for writing descriptions


Which two lesson plans incorporate developmentally appropriate reading strategies for first-graders at the beginning of the year?

- A plan that incorporates guided reading
- A plan that incorporates experiential learning


A standard for second-grade students is that they will read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension. To support this objective, a teacher with a class of students from diverse language backgrounds plans the following activities:

• Have small groups of students pre-write with pictures for a fictional story
• Ask each group to tell her their story out loud
• Write down the words of the story using the students' language
• Make copies of the story to provide to group members the next day
• Read the story to the students as they follow along

Why should the teacher use this approach with her students?

This approach is useful for students from diverse backgrounds because students generate the vocabulary and have prior content knowledge.


Small group of above-level readers

Emphasize comprehension skills


Small group of below-level readers

Emphasize decoding strategies


Small group of on-level readers

Read leveled books for both fluency and comprehension


Large group of readers at multiple levels

Model strategies and set goals


A third-grade teacher is creating lessons for both the whole class and individual reading groups within the class. She aligns the lessons with the third-grade standards and differentiates instruction to meet the needs of diverse learners.

What should she remember when choosing the texts for the lessons?

Each student within each small group needs the same text, which links to the entire class by theme or topic.


A fourth-grade class is reading historical fiction books to integrate social studies into the English language arts classroom.

Which lesson plan incorporates a developmentally appropriate, formative assessment?

The teacher will use an anticipation guide, have students read the book in groups, and take quizzes after they read each chapter.


Which lesson plan incorporates a developmentally appropriate, summative assessment?

After learning about the steps of the writing process, fifth-grade students will write a multi-paragraph essay about a famous explorer.


A first-grade teacher wants a developmentally appropriate, formative assessment to measure students' reading fluency that will guide future instruction.

Which assessment meets the needs of this teacher?

Perform a readers' theater


A fourth-grade reading teacher is beginning a unit on story elements. She would like to use a variety of formative and summative assessments during the unit. The teacher decides to begin with teacher-made quizzes.

Why has the teacher selected this assessment strategy instead of a portfolio?

Because formative assessments help guide instruction


A first-grade teacher in an urban school has 18 students from diverse backgrounds with varying ability levels. Some of the students are reading below grade level, while others struggle with alphabetic knowledge and fluency. The teacher would like to use DIBELS to help guide reading instruction to enhance academic outcomes for students.

How does this assessment help the teacher make decisions about curriculum and instructional strategies?

By understanding students' letter-name knowledge, nonsense word decoding, and oral-reading fluency, the teacher can increase or decrease phonics-based or reading instruction in comprehension.