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Flashcards in Psychology for Educators Deck (99)
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Humanistic Learning Theory

All About The STUDENT:
- discuss discipline privately
- social environment for student relationships
- address student needs for breaks
- find sources of frustration
- relate subject to personal lives
- choose from a list of books for a report
- how perception and behavior affect environment


Sternberg's Theory of Successful Intelligences

- a students intelligence is compromised of three components; creative, analytical, and practical. Measured by how well the student responds to environmental changes


Impulsive Learning

- fast conceptual tempo and quickly answers questions for which there is no ready solution



- develop industry: provide high level of reinforcement


Vygotsky's Theory of Cognitive Development

- increase analytical abilities: ask leading questions


Interpersonal skills

- allow you to use cooperative approach to reduce bullying


Joplin Plan

Same ability levels from different grades


Spearman's General Intelligence

- a teacher theorizes that students who perform well on reasoning and comprehension will also perform well on memory tasks


Gardner's Multiple Intelligences

- write, practice and deliver a persuasive political speech


Wechsler's global intelligence

- think rationally, act purposefully, deal effectively with situations


Non academic behavioral support

- lunch with a teacher and two friends as a reward
- use frequent positive reinforcment when the student behaves appropriately


Vocational Rehabilitation Act

- provide breastfeeding study a private room to care fir her baby
- implement an individualized approach that combines direct strategy instruction


Cooperative Learning

- place students in small groups to compete in an in class contest
- place students in groups of four and have them work together to solve problems set the fastest


Transfer of Learning

- near: quiz at the end of a chapter reflects students learning over the last couple of days


Information Processing Theory

- gain attention by underlining words on a whiteboard
- lack of retrieval cues: difficulty remembering things
- people learn new things when their attention is engaged
- control processes meaningfulness: importance based on relevance to everyday life


Motivational Learning Theory

- vicarious reinforcement: student notices another student being praised and works to gain praise as well


Psychomotor Domain

- set level: identify the finger location of home keys to prepare for typing
- mechanism level: serve a vollyball over the net 60% of the time


Direct instruction

- orientation and presentation: introduce concept, demonstrate and explain the process
- demonstration, practice, corrective feedback
- instructional objectives: give students a study sheet listing what they will be tested on for an upcoming exam
- prepare students in advance so they know how much material will be covered in a day's lesson
- facilitating encoding of information: read outloud, show film of book, then have students tell the story in their own words / paraphrase parts of constitution in their own words


Performance Assessment

- mock trial course: assessment must evaluate ability to compile a defense using a wide range of skills
- dissecting a worm: a portion of grade is how well students sho lab safety procedures
- assesses ability to apply what is learned and is responsive to cultural diversity


Diagnostic Assessment

- beginning a civil war unit: assessment determines what students already know


Summative Assessment

- list of objectives at beginning of semester: assessment covers all five units at the end of semester



- a small group take an assessment to determine how the rest of the students will be graded


test-retest reliability

- a test is given over three years and tested for stability
- administering the same test to a norm group a week after the initial test to be sure the results are similar
- evaluation method for tests that measures how ranking change over time


Criterion For Evaluating Tests

- construct validity: compare results of a test designed to measure intelligence to the takers' IQs



- trust/ mistrust (babies)
- autonomy/ shame and doubt (2-3) child wants to do everything
- initiative vs guilt (4-5) exploring
- industry vs inferiority (elementary) positive praise
- identity vs role confusion (middle/high)


Marcia (built on role confusion vs identity)

- identity diffusion (going nowhere. No future no decisions)
- foreclosure (family wants. Do whatever family says)
- psychosocial moratorium (changes mind all the time)
- identity acheivement (everything figured out. Decisions made about future and goals)


Piagets different types of adaption

- adapt by assimilation (info is same or similar as existing info)
- adapt by accomodation (new info changes old info)



- scaffolding: ask leading questions
- zone of proximal development (learner can do with guidance)
- learn best from adult, older child or more capable peer
- learn psychological tools from adults
- culture is important



- teacher focused
- direct instruction (orientation & presentation)
- feedback
- practice
- reinforcement
- reward



- how students feel about learning, themselves, others etc
- student choice
- all about students life
- breaks (snack, wiggle, water)
- fun and engaging
- feelings
- deficiency needs