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Flashcards in American Politics And US Constitution Deck (140)
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1

Federalist argument in support of Constitution

Strong national government better for national defense and economic growth

2

What concept was referenced when James Madison wrote "Ambition must be made to counteract ambition"

Separation of power and checks and balances

3

The supreme court can declare actions by the executive branch unconstitutional

Judicial check on the executive branch

4

Goal of new Federalism

Decentralize policy to enhance administrative efficiency and reduce overall public spending

5

Major difference between articles of confederation and the constitution

Articles of confederation did not provide for a national judiciary

6

Why did framers design the government under the articles of the confederation with a Congress

Wanted a government based the representation of the population

7

Great compromise between the virginia plan and the new jersey plan established

A two-chamber congress (legislature) with equal rep in one chamber and proportional rep in the other

New jersey plan: give states with large and small populations equal representation
Virginia plan: establish a bicameral legislature

8

Three-fifths compromise

Slave states count three-fifths of their enslaved population for the purpose of representation

9

Who drafted the bill of rights and submitted it to congress

James madison

10

Why did colonists oppose being taxed by Great Britain

They did not have elected representatives in the house of commons

11

Presidential power under the Constitution

Appointing judges

12

What protects against president using powers for personal gain

Congress can impeach a president

13

22 ammendment

Established term limits for the president

14

executive agreements

Establish agreements with foreign countries without congressional approval
- used in international relations

15

Implied powers of Congress

Congress passes a law to raise minimum wage

16

Individual members of Senate have more power than members of the house of representatives

There are less Senate members that House of Representatives members

17

Equal proportions method of congressional appointment

Congressional districts are drawn in order to maintain similar numbers of voters in each district

18

Process of bills becoming laws in congress

Bills change significantly through house and senate revisions

19

Power reserved for states

Conducting elections

20

10th amendment

Allows states to reserve powers

In the bill of rights to calm anti-federalist fears by reserving powers for the states

21

Gibbons vs Ogden supreme court case

A loose constructionist interpretation of the commerce clause

22

Marbury vs Madison case

Established principle of judicial review (supreme court decided they could deem a law unconstitutional)

- argued only constitution can five supreme court original jurisdiction not congress
- confirmed judiciary as seperate branch of government
- established judicial review

23

How many federal appellate courts exist in the US

13

24

How many sitting justices are on the Supreme Court

9

25

How do most states award votes in the electoral college

The candidate who wins the popular vote in the state gets all the electoral votes for the state

26

12th amendment

Provides the separate election of the president and vice president
- needed because Jefferson (presidential candidate), and Burr received the same amount of electoral votes

27

Campaign adds in primary elections

- often try to raise name recognition of candidate
- only mention their party
- encourage people to vote
- aimed at their party voters

28

How are elections in the US Senate conducted

One-third of the Senate seats are up for election every two years

29

What election cycle event allows local party members to select their delegates for a presidential election?

A caucus

30

Federal Election Comission of 1970s

Ensure transparency in campaign financing