Flashcards in Chapter 9 Molecular Biology Deck (38)
What can be observed most readily during the gross examination of an animal?
Where is the eukaryotic cell's genetic-information stored?
In the chromosomes.
What is the term for the genetic make-up of an organism?
There are many genes in a chromosome.
What is the sugar that is found in the DNA backbone?
Nucleotide is compose of:
The haploid daughter cells produced in meiosis are identical.
In what process are germ cells produced?
How do the number of chromosomes in the ovum and sperm compare to that found in the parent cell?
The parent cell contains twice as many as the ovum and sperm
The diploid daughter cells produced in mitosis are identical.
Where does replication take place?
in the nucleus
A zygote is a diploid cell.
In mitosis, what do the chromosomes do after replication in order to split into daughter cells?
What does the word "mitosis" mean?
Meiosis produces four different haploid daughter cells.
A zygote's chromosomes are inherited from either the mother or the father.
What is the product of replication?
What process must some proteins synthesized in a cell undergo before they can fulfilled their role in the cell?
it carries the cell's genetic information form the nucleus to the cytoplasm.
What is the product of translation?
Transfer RNA is involved in which step of protein synthesis?
What process enables a cell to read genetic code in the nucleus to make protein in the cytoplasm?
Where does the
transcription take place?
In the nucleus
What cellular organelle is the site of protein synthesis?
The process of constructing the desired genetic code in a laboratory and inserting it into a zygote or embryo during development is called:
What is added to a DNA sample to cut the DNA into smaller pieces?
Electrophoresis is a technique used to BLANK the DNA fragments.
The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is used to:
clone the DNA fragments
What does "cloning DNA" mean?
Making exact copies of DNA segments.