Chapter 8 Biochemistry and Nutrition and Feed Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8 Biochemistry and Nutrition and Feed Deck (81)
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1

Ketones are implicated in which disease?

Diabetes mellitus

2

The study of chemical compounds and complex reactions in living systems is known as:

Biochemistry

3

How would you classify a carbohydrate containing 5 saccharides unts?

Oligosaccharide

4

What is another name for glucose?

Dextrose

5

Blood types are characterized by the carbohydrate portions of BLANK on the surface of cells and the carbohydrate portion of serum BLANK.

glycolipids, glycoproteins

6

BLANK are the main constituents of animals fats.

Triglycerides

7

The sheath around many nerves is called:

myelin

8

The component parts of triglycerides are cholesterol and free fatty acids.

False

9

Animal fat contains more unsaturated fatty acid then vegetable oils.

False

10

Prostaglandin is a hormone that is derived from lipids.

True

11

What animal has a tongue that secretes lipase to digest fats and oils?

Rat

12

A complex lipid that includes a carbohydrate portion is a :

glycolipid

13

Blood plasma that appears cloudy may be in indication of what condition or disease state?

Lipemia

14

Cholesterol is a steroid.

True

15

In dogs and pigs, the digestion of lipids does not begin until food reaches the stomach.

True

16

Cholesterol is soluble in blood.

False

17

BLANK are the building blocks of proteins.

Amino acids

18

What regulates body functions?

Hormones

19

What is an example of a structural portein?

Keratin

20

What type of protein is typically intracellular and helps to turn on or off chemical reactions?

Regulatory

21

What proteins are biological catalysts which perform work of chemical reactions in cells?

Enzymes

22

Enzymes are an example of what type of biochemical compounds?

Proteins

23

Some amino acids are considered essential only for young growing animals.

True

24

The deficiency of what essential micromineral results in anemia and fatty degeneration of the liver?

Cobalt

25

Many micromnerals are toxic at high concentrations.

True

26

What is the chemical name of vitamin C?

Ascrobic acid

27

Monogastric species are often referred to as:

Cecal digesters

28

What vitamin is water soluble?

Vitamin B

29

What micromineral is an important component of Vitamin B12?

Cobalt

30

Fiber is also referred to as starch.

False