Chapter 7 Occupational Health and Safety Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 7 Occupational Health and Safety Deck (51)
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1

Which individual or group has a responsibility in developing and implementing the components of the institution's occupational health and safety program?

-The institution's environmental health and safety personnel
-The investigators
-the senior institutional official

2

The custodial staff does not need to participate in an institution's occupational health and safety program.

false

3

The skill and experience of the employee should be considered in assessing risks.

True

4

What action must always be done before opening the door of an autoclave?

Check the pressure gauge

5

If a trash can has a biohazard sign on it, it can be used for the disposal of sharps.

False

6

Which item does OSHA require in areas where procedures involving flammable materials are preformed?

A fire extinguisher

7

Which practice would not address noise issues in the animal facility?

Using rubber tool handles to lessen vibrations

8

Liquid nitrogen should always be stored in a sealed container with no gas escape valve.

False

9

Which of the following are potential chemical hazards?

-test substances used in experiments
-Disinfectants
-Inhalant anesthetics

10

Detergents and disinfectants are not considered hazardous chemicals.

false

11

Safety sheets provide BLANK data and BLANK information

physical property, toxicological

12

Which of the following describes carbon-14, tiritum (3H), and iodine-125?

Radioisotopes

13

Which statement best describes gamma radiation?

They are a type of electromagnetic radiation

14

What is Bremsstrahlung?

An x-ray produced by beta particles when they decelerate

15

What best describes beta particles?

They are charged particles, either an electron or positron

16

Thick dense shielding must be used to protect a worker from which of the following types of radiation?

Gamma radiation and x-rays

17

Which statement best describes alpha particles?

They consist of two protons

18

Statistics show that about BLANK % of the people who work with laboratory animals develop allergic symptons

44

19

Which of the following is the typical profile of someone who develops a laboratory animal allergy?

a 23-32 year old with less than 3 years of occupational contact.

20

Which of the following is NOT a zoonotic disease?

Parovirus

21

Regularly scheduled testing for tuberculosis is necessary for all personnel who work with which species?

Nonhuman primates

22

What ABSL level should be used when working with an agent whose risk of transmission is unknown?

4

23

Work with a well-characterized infectious agent not known to cause disease in humans can be performed at what ABSL level?

1

24

ABSL-1 level work can be conducted on the open bench if good microbiological techniques are used.

True

25

What does the "N" indicate in a N-95 respirator?

Not resistant to oil

26

To be effective and used legally, the respirator must meet the standards of and be maintained in accordance with which agency's specifications?

OSHA

27

Which precaution is important for personnel who handle hazardous waste?

-Wear gloves
-Wash hands frequently
-Wear laboratory coats

28

Gloves made from which of the following materials would be best to use when handling nonhuman primates?

Animal hide

29

Burners should not be used in Class 2 biosafety cabinets.

True

30

Which class of biosafety cabinets offers the most protection to personnel?

Class 3