Chapter 6- Integumentary Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 6- Integumentary Deck (55)
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1

Inflammation of the sebaceous glands

Seborrheic dermatitis

2

Increase in the amount of sebum produced

Seborrheic dermatitis

3

Symptoms:
Greasy-appearing scales
Etiology:
Idiopathic; hereditary
Treatment:
Cortisone or hydrocortisone cream

Seborrheic dermatitis

4

Inflammation of the skin due to allergic reaction from an irritant in contact with skin

Contact dermatitis

5

Etiology:
Plants, dyes in soap, Metals, detergents, latex
Treatment:
Topical steroid

Contact dermatitis

6

Inflammation of the skin
More common in persons with family history of allergic conditions

Atopic dermatitis

7

Symptoms:
Seen on face, neck, elbows, knees, upper trunk; with pruritus
Rash: vesicular and exudative
Etiology:
Idiopathic
Treatment:
Topical cortisone

Atopic dermatitis

8

Red patches covered with silvery scales

Psoriasis

9

Seen on the scalp, elbows, knees, trunk
Etiology: genetic, may be autoimmune disorder
Diagnosis:
White silvery scales
Treatment:
Ultraviolet light, steroid creams, coal tar

Psoriasis

10

Hives
-Wheals form
-Treatment:
Antihistamines

Urticaria

11

Redness in areas where people blush
No cure, some medications can help

Rosacea

12

Inflammatory disease of sebaceous glands and hair follicles
Comedones (blackheads)

Acne vulgaris

13

Etiology: idiopathic; hormonal
Treatment: antibiotics, keratolytic agents, vitamin A related meds

Acne vulgaris

14

Viral infection; painful vesicles

Herpes zoster ( shingles)

15

Symptoms:
band-like unilateral pattern along peripheral nerve or dermatome
Etiology:
Cause is varicella-zoster virus; same virus as chicken pox
Treatment:
Comfort, antivirals

Herpes zoster ( shingles)

16

Contagious disease, skin infection
Vesicles or pustules become crusted

Impetigo

16

Etiology:
Staph or strep (bacteria)
Treatment:
Antibiotics, proper cleaning
Prevention:
Good hygiene, hand washing

Impetigo

17

Boil, abscess of hair follicle and adjacent subcutaneous tissue

Furuncle

18

Large or several furuncles

Carbuncle

19

Bacterial infection of skin and subcutaneous tissue

Cellulitis

20

Treatment for Furuncle, carbuncle, and cellulitis

Antibiotics

21

Fungal infections of skin; also called tinea

Dermatophytosis

22

Scaley lesion of scalp

Tinea Capitis

23

Ringworm (corporo=body)

Tinea corporis

24

Fungal infection of nails

Tinea unguium

25

Athletes foot

Tinea pedis

26

Fungal infection in the Groin area

Tinea cruris

27

Treatment for all dermatophytosis

Antifungal meds, topical or oral

28

A pressure sore or bed sore, localized area of dead skin (3 layers affected)

Decubitus ulcers

29

Symptoms: shiny, reddened skin over bony area
Etiology: lack of blood supply to area
Treatment: topical agents

Decubitus ulcers