Chapter 12- Reproductive Flashcards Preview

Essentials Of Human Disease > Chapter 12- Reproductive > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 12- Reproductive Deck (36)
Loading flashcards...
1

STD

Sexually Transmitted Disease

2

STI

Sexually Transmitted Infection

3

Silent STD, women may not have symptoms, major cause of infertility, leading cause of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)

Chlamydia

4

Infection of the genitourinary tract

Sx- purulent discharge, dysuria
Often asymptomatic
Often occurs with chlamydia

Gonorrhea

5

Infection of lower genitourinary tract
Symptoms:
Asymptomatic
Profuse greenish yellow discharge
Cervix has strawberry like appearance
Etio:
Protozoan (motile)

Trichomoniasis

6

Infection of the skin of genital area with ulcerations spread by direct skin to skin contact.
Viral infection: HSV-2
Open lesions increase risk of contracting HIV

Genital herpes

7

Cauliflower like growths on the rectum, vagina or penis
Etio:
Virus, human papillomavirus (HPV), skin-to-skin contact
women who have HPV are at greater risk of developing cervical cancer

Genital warts ( condyloma )

7

chronic, systemic, STI that consist of 4 stages

primary syphilis: open lesion = chancre

secondary: spreads throughout body; contagious, but open lesion is healed

latent: 1 to 40 years

tertiary: disabling, life-threatening

smear of lesion, test (VDRL)

Syphilis

8

chancroid = soft chancre
causes necrotizing ulceration and lymphadenopathy, purulent drainage

Chancroid

9

inflammation of the epididymis (duct)
epididymis = first in series of ducts that transport sperm
Symptom: Painful scrotum
Etiology: gonorrhea or chlamydia

Epididymis

10

inflammation/infection of testis
Symptoms:causes atrophy, can lead to sterility
Etiology: bacterial or viral (mumps)

Orchitis

11

one testicle twisted out of its normal position
Symptoms: severe, sudden pain, swelling, redness, tenderness; may kink blood
vessels
Etiology: spontaneous or result of trauma

Torsion of the Testicle

12

veins of testicle becomes abnormally distended, swelling follows

Varicocele

13

Acute/chronic inflammation of prostrate gland
sx - pain and burning with urination

Prostatitis

14

nonmalignant, noninflammatory hypertrophy of prostate gland
enlargement of prostate; nonmalignant
men > 50 years of age
sx - related to urination
Ex - aging, hormonal, metabolic

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

15

3rd leading cause of cancer death in men
similar to BPH or prostatitis

Prostate Cancer

16

most common in males between ages of 20 and 35
painless lump in testicle
surgical removal, radiation and chemo

Testicular Cancer

17

fluid-filled sacs, on or near ovaries
most are physiologic cysts, some are neoplastic cysts (benign or
malignant)

Ovarian Cysts

18

endometrial tissue implants outside uterus
benign, but painful and chronic
may cause: infertility, ectopic pregnancy, and
spontaneous abortion

Endometriosis

19

infection of female reproductive organs
complications - scarring of tubes; peritonitis; increased risk of ectopic pregnancy
vaginal bacterium
organism enters through
vagina, travels up cervix into pelvic cavity

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

20

leiomyoma = smooth muscle tumor; benign
fibroid = benign tumor of fibrous tissue
most common tumors of female reprod.

Leiomyomas (Fibroids)

21

downward displacement of uterus
weakened pelvic floor muscles

Uterine Prolapse

22

cystocele = downward displacement of bladder into anterior aspect of vagina
rectocele = protrusion of rectum into posterior aspect of vagina

Cystocele & Rectocele

23

Cervix functions to allow sperm into uterine cavity & the infant to pass into birth canal
watery, bloody discharge
bleeding between menstrual periods, after
intercourse or menopause

Cervical Cancer

24

leading cause of death of female reproductive system
early diagnosis difficult,
silent cancer; CA125
positive in 80%

Ovarian Cancer

25

involves lining of uterus
most common gynecologic
malignancy
irregular bleeding, leukorrhea
2 types; most common is due to excess estrogen: (HRT), never having children, late menopause

Endometrial Cancer

26

fertilized ovum implants and develops outside uterus
most often in fallopian tube
severe lower abdominal pain, bleeding
positive hCG test, exam, endovaginal ultrasonography

Ectopic Pregnancy

27

characterized by hypertension
& proteinuria
hypertension, edema and proteinuria
usually occurs in 3rd trimester with weight gain, edema, headaches, N&V, ↑ BP

Preeclampsia (Toxemia) & Eclampsia

28

placenta implanted in lower uterus over the internal cervical os, causing bleeding

placenta previa

29

placenta separates from uterine wall, causes hemorrhage and lack of O2 to fetus

abruptio placentae