Chapter 10- Heart Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 10- Heart Deck (65)
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1

Condition involving the arteries supplying myocardium

Narrowing leads to ischemia

Coronary heart disease

2

Chest pain after exertion

Due to decreased O2 to myocardium

Angina pectoris

3

Death of myocardial tissue

Caused by ischemia and infarct

Myocardial infarction

4

Most prevalent cardiovascular disorder in US

Hypertensive heart disease

5

Right sided heart failure

Results in enlargement of right ventricle as a sequel to primary lung disease

For pulmonale

6

Fluid shifts to extravascular spaces in the lungs

Pulmonary edema

7

Acute/chronic inflammation of the serosa

Pericarditis

8

Inflammation of muscular layer

Myocarditis

9

Inflammation of the lining and valves

Endocarditis

10

Systemic disease of joints and heart

Antibodies formed by strep and cause inflammation and vegetation to form on heart valves

Rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease

11

Acquired or congenital disorder that can involve any of the four valves

Valvular heart disease

12

Murmur

Mitral stenosis

13

Fails to close completely

Mitral insufficiency

14

Click murmur

Mitral valve prolapse

15

Disturbances in conduction system of heart

Arrhythmias

16

Collapse of cardiovascular system, leads to inadequate perfusion; many causes of shock

Shock

17

Heart fails to pump, usually associated with MI

Cardiogenic shock

18

Coronary vessel breaks or heart muscle ruptures; blood is trapped in pericardial sac

Cardiac tramponade

19

Vascular system is responsible for supplying tissues with blood and containin O2 and nutrients.

Vascular conditions

20

Clots of aggregated material, occlude vessel

Emboli (embolism)

21

Fatty plaque of arterial tunica intimate

Atherosclerosis

22

Weakening and dilation of wall of artery

Aneurysm

23

Inflammation of vein

Phlebitis

24

Inflammation of vein with clot formation

Thrombophlebitis

25

Vasospastic disease of fingers, hands, and feet

Raynaud disease

26

Low red blood cells or hemoglobin

Low ability to Cary O2

Anemias

27

Iron deficiency
Folic acid deficiency
Pernicious
Aplastic
Sickle cell
Hemorrhagic
Hemolytic

Lack of iron
Decrease folic acid
Autoimmune
Without development (stem cells)
S shaped rbc s
Loss of large amounts of blood
Rbc s break up (chemical toxins)

28

Over production of immature lymphoid cells in bone marrow

Acute lymphocytic leukemia

29

Slowly progressing diseases that results in accumulation of mature appearing but hypofunctional lymphocytes

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia

30

Rapidly progressive neoplasms cells committed to myeloid line of development

Acute myelocytic