Chapter 9-Resporatory Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9-Resporatory Deck (35)
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1

Common cold, often caused by rhinoviruses

URI

2

Viral or bacterial
Inflammation of the sinus

Sinusitis

3

Inflammation of the pharynx

Pharyngitis

4

Inflammation of the larynx

Laryngitis

5

When the thin wall (nasal septum) between your nostrils is displaced to one side

Deviated septum

5

Benign growths

Nasal polyps

6

Loss of smell

Anosmia

7

Nose bleed

Epistaxis

8

Benign or malignant
Dysphonia is only symptom
Treatment:
Radiation, sometimes larynectomy

Tumors of the larynx

9

Coughing up or spitting up of blood from the respiratory tract

Hemoptysis

10

Collapsed lung
Incomplete expansion
Leads to hypoxia and dyspnea

Atelectasis

11

Clot occludes a pulmonary artery

Interrupts blood flow

Pulmonary embolism

12

Inflammation of the lungs, unilateral or bilateral, portion or all of a lung

Pneumonia

13

Pulse oximeter

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Finger tap thingy

14

Area of contained infectious material

More common in lower portions of lung

Purulent sputum, foul-smelling breath

Pulmonary abscess

15

Bacterial infection, mild or severe forms
Symptoms:
Bacteria thrive in warm aquatic environments and are inhaled (pools)

Legionnaires disease

16

RSV
Most common in infants children and elderly
Symptoms: cold-like, upper respiratory trac
Etiology: viral infection, Dec. to March

Respiratory syncytial virus pneumonia

17

Fungal disease

Inhalation of dust containing histoplasmosis capsulatum

Seen in HIV patients, Midwestern US (soil contaminated by bird droppings)

No treatment

Histoplasmosis

18

Acute bronchitis
Chronic bronchitis
Bronchiectasis
Asthma
Pulmonary emphysema
Pneumoconiosis

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

19

Acute or chronic
Inflammation of mucous membrane lining the bronchi

Bronchitis

20

Symptoms:
Deep productive cough, thick sputum
Etiology:
Part of general URI
No specific treatment for viral
Antibiotics for bacterial

Bronchitis

21

Dilation of bronchi (irreversible)

Bronchiectasis

22

Symptoms:
Chronic cough, Hemoptysis
Etiology:
Damage from smoking, pneumonia, TB, childhood diseases
Treatment:
Antibiotics, bronchodilators, postural drainage

Bronchiectasis

23

Enlargement of alveoli with damage to alveolar walls and capillary walls

Pulmonary emphysema

24

Symptoms: dyspnea, barrel chest, cyanosis, wheezing, clubbing, right hear failure
At risk: smokers, exposure to irritants, infections as a child

Pulmonary emphysema

25

Condition of the lungs due to long-term inhalation of dust particles
Damage is irreversible

Pneumoconiosis

26

Asbestosis
Anthracosis
Silicosis

Pneumoconiosis

27

Pleuritis
Inflammation of the pleura
Sym: needle-like pain, up with inspiration

Pleurisy

28

Air in the pleura cavity
Leads to collapsed lung, severe SOB

Pneumothorax

29

Blood in the pleural cavity
Similar to pneumothorax

Hemothorax