Chapter 11- Urinary Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 11- Urinary Deck (33)
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1

An important nitrogen compound that's a normal constituent of urine and blood

Creatinine

2

A diagnostic procedure that is used to look at the bladder, collect urine samples, and examine the prostrate gland.

Cystoscopy

3

The fluid that passes through a semipermeable membrane during dialysis

Dialysate

4

Hardening of the renal glomerulus

Glomerulosclerosis

5

Removed impurities or wastes from the patients blood by using an artificial kidney

Hemodialysis

6

Having the property of suppressing the body's immune response to antigens

Immunosuppressive

7

Crushing of stones

Lithotripsy

8

Toxic or damaging to the kidneys by exposure of substances including drugs, cleaning agents, etc.

Nephrotoxic

9

Scanty urine

Oliguria

10

Carried out in the patients own body by using a dialysate solution and the peritoneal membrane to filter out the harmful toxins and excessive fluid

Peritoneal dialysis

11

A purulent infection of the kidney tissue and renal pelvis

Pyelonephritis

12

Catherterization

Diagnostic procedure such as endoscopic examination can directly introduce organisms into urinary bladder; process of inserting an instrument into a body cavity to permit passage of fluid

13

A tiny ball of microscopic blood vessels on the end of the renal tubules

Golmeruli

14

Glomeulonephritis

Inflammation and swelling of the Golmeruli

15

Accumulation of urine in the renal pelvis caused by obstruction, forming a cyst

Hydronephrosis

16

Nephrectomy

Surgical procedure of removing a kidney or a section of a kidney

17

Disorders of the kidney

Nephropathy

18

Inflammation of glomeruli

Acute glomerulonephritis

19

Slowly progressive, noninfectious disease that can lead to irreversible renal damage and failure

Chronic glomerulonephritis

20

Disease of the basement membrane of the glomerulus, is 2nd to other renal diseases

Also called protein losing kidney

Nephrotic syndrome

21

Sudden onset reduction in renal function

Acute renal failure

22

Results from gradual loss of nephrons, irreversible

Chronic renal failure

23

Most common renal disease

Pyelonephritis

24

Dilation of renal pelvis caused by pressure from urine that cannot flow past an obstruction in urinary tract

Hydronephrosis

25

Are stones formed from mineral salts

Renal calculi

26

Both are forms of Lower UTI

Infectious cystitis and urethritis

27

Inflammation of urinary bladder

Cystitis

28

Inflammation of urethra

Urethritis

29

Changes in kidney due to diabetes = glomerulosclerosis

Diabetic neuropathy

30

Normal renal tissue replaced by grape like cysts, irreversible.

Polycystic kidney disease