Chapter 15-Trauma Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 15-Trauma Deck (41)
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1

relief of pain

Analgesic

2

a drug or treatment that reduces or relieves fever

Antipyretic

3

a substance that inhibits the growth of microorganisms

Antiseptic

4

the prevention of disease

Prophylaxis

5

inflammation of a tendon

Tendinitis

6

carrier of infectious agent of disease from one person to another (usually insects)

Vector

7

a sensation or phenomenon that signals the onset of
an epileptic seizure or a migraine

Aura

8

overly dramatic & the theatrical mannerism; have a conscious & unconscious pervasive need to be the center of attention

Histrionic

9

any of several disorders that frequently interfere w. sleep, occurring specially among children & including sleepwalking, nigh terrors, & bed-wetting

Parasomnias

10

process of wearing down or rubbing away by means of
friction

Abrasion

11

separation of a body art by tearing

Avulsion

12

instrument or chemical that destroys tissue, as a therapeutic
measure

instrument or chemical that destroys tissue, as a therapeutic
measure

13

remove foreign material or dead tissue in a wound

Debride

14

the science concerned w. people & their work; it explores
mechanical principles enhancing efficiency & well-being in the work environment

Ergonomic

15

abduction beyond normal limits by to draw away
from midline of the boy or from an adjacent part
or limb

Hyperabduction

16

unusually high body temperature

Hyperthermia

17

a jagged wound or cut

Laceration

18

results when a pointed or sharp foreign object penetrates the soft tissue
tetanus required, needle sticks

puncture wound

19

results when a sharp object cuts the skin & possibly underlying soft tissue

laceration

20

3 types of burns based on depth
percentage determined by Rule of Nines
first-degree = superficial = redness
second-degree = partial-thickness = blisters
third-degree = full-thickness = into adipose, fascia, muscle
tx–cool water, do not use ice

burns

21

heat stroke (over 105 degrees)
heat exhaustion (normal or subnormal)

Hyperthermia

22

eneralized severe
cooling (below 95)
sx–shivering, fatigue,
disorientation
etio –wind, cold, cold
water

Hypothermia

23

ace, fingers, toes, ears
skin becomes white
little pain
etio–cold air, water, objects
ice crystals form in between
cells of skin

Frostbite

24

may be local or systemic, if systemic, then itching (hands, soles), if allergic, then edema, dyspnea, shock,
unconsciousness

Insect Bites

25

= tick-borne disease, systemic infection
etio–wood tick, feces of infected ticks
sx–fever, malaise, rash, vasculitis
dx–difficult to make, blood test shows + complement fixation reaction

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

26

acute or chronic
sx–cycle of chills, fever, sweats
signs–enlarged spleen, enlarged liver, anemia; often recurs
etio–protozoan, transmitted by mosquito bite, blood
transfusion, IV

Malaria

27

sx–bite, teeth marks, bruising, puncture
etio–domestic animals, wild animals, human
dx–hx and exam

Animal Bites

28

sx–bite, burning pain, swelling
coral snakes leave chew-type small teeth marks poisoning takes 1 to 2 days to develop
dx–hx and exam
tx–clean with soap and water; remove rings; immobilize, below heart

Snake Bites

29

=repetitive motion trauma = overuse syndrome
includes:
carpal tunnel syndrome
tennis elbow
trigger finger
thoracic outlet syndrome
tendinitis

Cumulative Trauma

30

tendonsin the tunnel become inflamed from repetitive overuseseen in certain occupations
dx–Tinel sign and Phalen test
tx–physical therapy, cessation of repetitive motion, anti-inflammatories, surgery as indicated

Carpal tunnel syndrome