Chapter 14- Mental Disorders Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 14- Mental Disorders Deck (41)
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1

Developmental disability
Affects intellectual skills and adaptive functioning; onset before age of 18

Mental retardation

2

Etiology- hereditary, embryonic, prenatal, perinatal, postnatal, medical conditions, environment

Diagnosis- IQ tests plus at least 2 of the following factors: communication, home living, self care, social, self direction, health, safety

Mental retardation

3

Genius over 140
Very superior 120-139
Superior 110-119
Average 90-109
Dull 80-89
Borderline deficiency 70-79
Moron 50-69
Imbecile 20-49
Idiot below 20

Stanford Binet intelligence scale

4

Usually onset is between 2-7 years old
Treatment is speech therapy

Stuttering

5

Extreme withdrawal
Obsessive behavior

Autistic disorder (autism)

6

Hyperactivity and impulsivity
Sx usually before age of 7
Etiology- Unknown. Familial pattern
Treatment- medications, behavioral therapy

Attention-deficit hyperactivity
ADHD

7

Sudden rapid, recurrent motor movement or vocalization that is nonrhythmic

Examples- eye blinking, facial grimacing, coughing, neck jerking

Tic disorders

8

multiple motor tics with vocal tics

Tourette's

9

progressive, general deterioration of mental faculties

Dementia

10

loss of mental and physical functioning

Alzheimer disease

11

dx only possible after death; senile plaques

Alzheimer disease

12

onset usually in adolescence or young adulthood. Prodromal signs, delusions, disorganized thinking, hallucinations common

Schizophrenia

13

type of mood disorder = manic depressive disorder
abnormally intense mood swings
etio –no clear cause, chemical imbalance
dx–psychological evaluation
tx–lithium; antidepressants (used with caution)

Bipolar Disorder

14

= affective disorder or mood disorder
persistent sadness, despair, sleep disturbance, loss of
concentration, thoughts of suicide
etio–not understood, biologic basis
dx–depressed mood lasting 2 weeks, with 4 symptoms
tx–meds and psychotherapy

Major Depressive Disorder

15

chronic constant worry, causeless

generalized anxiety disorder

16

unfocused anxiety, reaches peak in 10 minutes

panic disorder

17

irrational fear, specific object

phobic disorder

18

obsession = thoughts
compulsions = actions

obsessive-compulsive disorder

19

cause is external event, painful in nature, avoid being
reminded of event
sx–may appear soon, or may be delayed
etio–severe cases most often caused by human action
occurrences
dx–hx of symptoms
tx–counseling and medications

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

20

somatic symptoms
with no underlying clinical pathology; sx relate
to 4 or more areas

somatization disorder

21

anxiety is converted to
physical sx
etio–stressful situation

conversion disorder (hysteria)

22

sx of physical illness with no evidence of
illness. Preoccupation with fear of having a serious disease; vague symptoms

Hypochondriasis

23

patient simulates illness to get tx sometimes makes themselves or children sick

Munchausen syndrome

24

difficulty in falling asleep

insomnia

25

groups of sleep disorders

parasomnias

26

night terrors, nightmares

sleepwalking

27

irresistible daytime sleep episodes, last for approximately one minute; tx -naps, meds

narcolepsy

28

cessation of breathing

sleep apnea

29

relating to, characteristic of, or affected by paranoia (fear of distrust of others)

paranoid

30

of, relating to, or having a personality disorder marked by extreme shyness, flat affect, reclusiveness, discomfort w. others, & an inability to form
close relationships

schizoid