CHAPTER 4 PSYCHOANALYTIC THERAPY Flashcards Preview

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1

The second stage of psychosexual
development, when pleasure is derived from retaining
and expelling feces.

Anal stage

2

An elaborate explanation
of human nature that combines ideas from
history, mythology, anthropology, and religion.

Analytical psychology

3

The biological and psychological
aspects of masculinity and femininity,
which are thought to coexist in both sexes.

Animus (anima)

4

A feeling of impending doom that
results from repressed feelings, memories, desires,
and experiences emerging to the surface of
awareness. From a psychoanalytic perspective,
there are three kinds of ______: reality, neurotic,
and moral _____.

Anxiety

5

The images of universal experiences
contained in the collective unconscious

Archetypes

6

An anonymous stance assumed
by classical psychoanalysts aimed at fostering
transference.

Blank screen

7

A disorder
characterized by instability, irritability, selfdestructive
acts, impulsivity, and extreme mood
shifts. Such people lack a sense of their own
identity and do not have a deep understanding
of others.

Borderline personality disorder

8

An
adaptation of the principles of psychoanalytic
theory and therapy aimed at treating selective
disorders within a preestablished time limit.

Brief psychodynamic therapy (BPT)

9

The traditional
(Freudian) approach to psychoanalysis based on
a long-term exploration of past confl icts, many
of which are unconscious, and an extensive process
of working through early wounds.

Classical psychoanalysis

10

From a Jungian perspective,
the deepest level of the psyche that contains
an accumulation of inherited experiences.

Collective unconscious

11

An ego-defense mechanism
that consists of masking perceived weaknesses
or developing certain positive traits to make up
for limitations.

Compensation

12

Newer formulations
of psychoanalytic theory that share some
core characteristics of classical analytic theory, but
with different applications of techniques; extensions
and adaptations of orthodox psychoanalysis.

Contemporary psychoanalysis

13

The therapist’s unconscious
emotional responses to a client that are
likely to interfere with objectivity; unresolved
confl icts of the therapist that are projected onto
the client.

Countertransference

14

According to Erikson, a turning point in
life when we have the potential to move forward
or to regress. At these turning points, we can
either resolve our confl icts or fail to master the
developmental task.

Crisis

15

A Freudian concept that refers
to a tendency of individuals to harbor an unconscious
wish to die or hurt themselves or others;
accounts for the aggressive drive.

Death instincts

16

In ______ there is an effort to suppress
unpleasant reality. It consists of coping with
anxiety by “closing our eyes” to the existence of
anxiety-producing reality.

Denial

17

A blend
of cognitive behavioral and psychoanalytic techniques
that generally involves a minimum of one
year of treatment.

Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT)

18

An ego-defense mechanism that
entails redirection of some emotion from a real
source to a substitute person or object

Displacement

19

A technique for uncovering
unconscious material and giving clients insight
into some of their unresolved problems. Therapists
participate with clients in exploring dreams
and in interpreting possible meanings.

Dream analysis

20

The process by which the latent
content of a dream is transformed into the less
threatening manifest content.

Dream work

21

The part of the personality that is the mediator
between external reality and inner demands.



Ego

22

Intrapsychic processes
that operate unconsciously to protect the
person from threatening and, therefore, anxietyproducing
thoughts, feelings, and impulses.

Ego-defense mechanisms

23

The psychosocial approach
of Erik Erikson, which emphasizes the development
of the ego or self at various stages of life.

Ego psychology

24

The condition of being arrested, or
“stuck,” at one level of psychosexual development.

Fixation

25

A primary technique, consisting
of spontaneous and uncensored verbalization
by the client, which gives clues to the
nature of the client’s unconscious confl icts.

Free association

26

The fi nal stage of psychosexual
development, usually attained at adolescence, in
which heterosexual interests and activities are
generally predominant.

Genital stage

27

A theory stating that instincts
and intrapsychic confl icts are the basic factors
shaping personality development (both normal
and abnormal).

Id psychology

28

The part of personality, present at birth, that
is blind, demanding, and insistent. Its function is
to discharge tension and return to homeostasis.
Id psychology

Id

29

As an ego defense, this may involve
individuals identifying themselves with
successful causes in the hope that they will be
seen as worthwhile.





Identifi cation

30

A developmental challenge, occurring
during adolescence, whereby the person
seeks to establish a stable view of self and to defi
ne a place in life.

Identity crisis