Flashcards in Chapter 3 Ethical Issues in Counseling Practice Deck (40)
A higher level of ethical
practice that addresses doing what is in the best
interests of clients.
Evaluating the relevant factors in
a client’s life to identify themes for further exploration
in the counseling process.
A departure from a commonly
accepted practice that could potentially
benefi t a client (e.g., attending a client’s wedding).
A boundary crossing that
takes the practitioner out of the professional
role, which generally involves exploitation. It is a serious breach that harms the client and is therefore
This is an ethical concept, and
in most states therapists also have a legal duty
not to disclose information about a client
The analysis and explanation of a
client’s problems. It may include an explanation
of the causes of the client’s diffi culties, an account
of how these problems developed over time, a
classifi cation of any disorders, a specifi cation of
preferred treatment procedure, and an estimate
of the chances for a successful resolution.
assumes two (or more) roles simultaneously or
sequentially with a client. This may involve assuming
more than one professional role or combining
professional and nonprofessional roles.
Dual or multiple relationships
To make ethical decisions,
consult with colleagues, keep yourself informed
about laws affecting your practice, keep up to
date in your specialty fi eld, stay abreast of developments
in ethical practice, refl ect on the impact
your values have on your practice, and be willing
to engage in honest self-examination.
are required to base their practice on techniques
that have empirical evidence to support
their effi cacy.
Evidence-based practice (EBP)
The right of clients to be
informed about their therapy and to make autonomous
decisions pertaining to it.
The view of ethical practice
that deals with the minimum level of professional
with clients other than sexual ones.
An approach taken by practitioners
who want to do their best for clients
rather than simply meet minimum standards to
stay out of trouble.
Using data generated
during treatment to inform the process and
outcome of treatment.
A legal concept
that generally bars the disclosure of confi dential
communications in a legal proceeding.
1. Mandatory ethics is a higher level of
ethical practice that addresses doing
what is in the best interests of clients
2. It is unethical for us to meet our
personal needs through our professional
3. Professional codes of ethics educate
counseling practitioners and the
general public about the responsibilities
of the profession and provide
a basis for accountability.
4. It is a mistake to equate behaving
legally with being ethical
5. Looking at the relevant ethics codes
for general guidance is the last step
one should take when faced with an
6. Informed consent is an ethical requirement
that is an integral part of
the therapeutic process; however, it
is not a legal requirement
7. Informed consent is a positive approach
that helps clients become
active partners and true collaborators
in their therapy.
8. Privileged communication is a legal
concept that generally bars the disclosure
of confi dential communications
in a legal proceeding.
9. In reasoning through any ethical
dilemma, there is usually just one
course of action to follow.
10. The central aim of evidence-based
practice is to require psychotherapists
to base their practice on techniques
that have empirical evidence
to support their effi cacy.
11. Which of the following statements
about diagnosis is NOT true?
a. Diagnosis is the analysis and explanation
of a client’s problems.
b. Diagnosis is always a part of the
assessment process in counseling.
c. Diagnosis consists of identifying
a specifi c mental disorder based
on a pattern of symptoms.
d. None of these (they are all true).
12. What is the primary rationale for
conducting a comprehensive assessment
of the client as the initial step
in the therapeutic process?
a. Specifi c counseling goals
cannot be formulated and appropriate
cannot be designed until a
client’s past and present functioning
b. Conducting a comprehensive
assessment of the client offers
inexperienced therapists a concrete
framework from which to
practice. Seasoned clinicians
rarely use this approach since
they can quickly assess the client’s
c. Insurance companies require clinicians
to submit a comprehensive
assessment of the client in order to
fully reimburse them for services.
d. Those who conduct comprehensive
assessments of their clients
are protected from being sued
13. What does the acronym DSM stand
a. Deviance and Sociopathy Manual
b. Developmental and Statistical
Measurement of Mental Disorders
c. Diagnostic and Statistical
Manual of Mental Disorders
d. Diagnostic and Statistical
Measurement Reference Guide
14. Kendra is a biracial client who
presents as being reserved and
passiveand who makes minimal
eye contact. Her therapist should a. consider that Kendra’s behavior
and mannerisms may refl ect
distinctive ethnic and cultural
b. diagnose Kendra as being
c. view Kendra’s behavior as resistance
to the therapeutic process.
d. confront Kendra immediately to
ensure that future sessions are