CHAPTER 9 BEHAVIOR THERAPY Flashcards Preview

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1

This model of behavior posits that
behavior (B) is influenced by some particular
events that precede it, called antecedents (A),
and by certain events that follow it called consequences
(C).

ABC model

2

A process involving receiving our
present experience without judgment or preference,
but with curiosity and gentleness, and striving
for full awareness of the present moment.

Acceptance

3


A mindfulness-based program that encourages
clients to accept, rather than attempt to control
or change, unpleasant sensations.

Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT)

4

A social skills
program designed for individuals who have trouble
with aggressive behavior.

Anger management training

5

Ones that cue or elicit a certain
behavior.
Applied behavior analysis Another term for
behavior modification; this approach seeks to
understand the causes of behavior and address
these causes by changing antecedents and consequences.

Antecedent events

6

A set of techniques that involves
behavioral rehearsal, coaching, and learning
more effective social skills; specific skills
training procedures used to teach people ways
to express both positive and negative feelings
openly and directly.

Assertion training

7

Questioning that enables
the therapist to identify the particular antecedent
and consequent events that infl uence or are functionally
related to an individual’s behavior.

Assessment interview

8

The conceptual framework of
multimodal therapy, based on the premise that
human personality can be understood by assessing
seven major areas of functioning: behavior,
affective responses, sensations, images, cognitions,
interpersonal relationships, and drugs/
biological functions.

BASIC I.D.

9

A therapeutic approach
that deals with analyzing and modifying
human behavior.

Behavior modification

10

A technique consisting of
trying out in therapy new behaviors (performing
target behaviors) that are to be used in everyday
situations.

Behavior rehearsal

11

This approach refers to the
application of diverse techniques and procedures,
which are supported by empirical evidence.

Behavior therapy

12

Identifying the maintaining
conditions by systematically gathering
information about situational antecedents, the
dimensions of the problem behavior, and the
consequences of the problem.

Behavioral analysis

13

A set of procedures
used to get information that will guide the development
of a tailor-made treatment plan for
each client and help measure the effectiveness of
treatment.

Behavioral assessment

14

Also known as Pavlovian
conditioning and respondent conditioning. A
form of learning in which a neutral stimulus is
repeatedly paired with a stimulus that naturally
elicits a particular response. The result is that
eventually the neutral stimulus alone elicits the
response.

Classical conditioning

15

An approach
that blends both cognitive and behavioral
methods to bring about change. (The term CBT
has largely replaced the term “behavior therapy,”
due to the increasing emphasis on the interaction
among affective, behavioral, and cognitive
dimensions.)

Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT)

16


Procedures aimed at teaching clients specifi c skills
to deal effectively with problematic situations.

Cognitive behavioral coping skills therapy

17

Internal events such as
thoughts, beliefs, perceptions, and self-statements.

Cognitive processes

18

Events that take place as a result
of a specifi c behavior being performed.

Consequences

19

Written agreement
between a client and another person that specifi
es the relationship between performing target
behaviors and their consequences.

Contingency contracting

20

A blend
of behavioral and psychoanalytic techniques
aimed at treating borderline personality disorders;
primarily developed by Marsha Linehan.

Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT)

21

Therapeutic interventions that have empirical evidence to support their use.

Evidence-based treatments

22

Treatment for fears and
other negative emotional responses by carefully
exposing clients to situations or events contributing
to such problems.

Exposure therapies

23

When a previously reinforced behavior
is no longer followed by the reinforcing
consequences, the result is a decrease in the frequency
of the behavior in the future.

Extinction

24

An exposure-based therapy that
involves imaginal fl ooding, cognitive restructuring,
and the use of rhythmic eye movements and
other bilateral stimulation to treat traumatic
stress disorders and fearful memories of clients.

Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing
(EMDR)

25

Prolonged and intensive in vivo or
imaginal exposure to highly anxiety-evoking
stimuli without the opportunity to avoid or escape
from them.

Flooding

26

The process of systematically
generating information on the events
preceding and following the behavior in an attempt
to determine which antecedents and consequences
are associated with the occurrence of
the behavior.

Functional assessment

27

Brief and graduated
exposure to an actual fear situation or event.

In vivo desensitization

28

Involves client exposure to
actual anxiety-evoking events rather than merely
imagining these situations.

In vivo exposure

29

Intense and prolonged exposure
to the actual anxiety-producing stimuli.

In vivo fl ooding

30

A process that involves becoming
increasingly observant and aware of external
and internal stimuli in the present moment and
adopting an open attitude toward accepting what
is, rather than judging the current situation.

Mindfulness