Chapter 1 0 Cognitive Behavior Therapy Flashcards Preview

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1

Temporal sequence
of antecedents, behavior, and consequences.
The theory that people’s problems do
not stem from activating events but, rather, from
their beliefs about such events. Thus, the best
route to changing problematic emotions is to
change one’s beliefs about situations.

A-B-C model of personality

2

A form of cognitive distortion
that refers to making conclusions without
supporting and relevant evidence.

Arbitrary inferences

3

Maladaptive thoughts
that appear to arise reflexively, without conscious
deliberation.

Automatic thoughts

4

A therapeutic approach that focuses on changing
the client’s self-verbalizations.

Cognitive behavior modification (CBM)

5

A treatment
approach that aims at changing cognitions
that are leading to psychological problems.

Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT)

6

In cognitive therapy, the
client’s misconceptions and faulty assumptions.
Examples include arbitrary inference, selective
abstraction, overgeneralization, magnification
and minimizations, labeling and mislabeling, dichotomous
thinking, and personalization.

Cognitive distortions

7

A process of actively
altering maladaptive thought patterns and replacing
them with constructive and adaptive
thoughts and beliefs.

Cognitive restructuring

8

The organizing aspect of
thinking, which monitors and directs the choice
of thoughts; implies an “executive processor,”
one that determines when to continue, interrupt,
or change thinking patterns.

Cognitive structure

9

An approach and set
of procedures that attempts to change feelings
and behavior by modifying faulty thinking and
believing.

Cognitive therapy (CT)

10

A pattern that triggers depression.

Cognitive triad

11

A strategy of viewing
the client as a scientist who is able to make objective
interpretations. The process in which therapist
and client work together to phrase the client’s
faulty beliefs as hypotheses and design homework
so that the client can test these hypotheses.

Collaborative empiricism

12

A recent development
in cognitive therapy that emphasizes the
subjective framework and interpretations of the
client rather than looking to the objective bases
of faulty beliefs.

Constructivist approach

13

An approach
that focuses on the stories that people tell
about them themselves and others regarding signifi
cant events in their lives.

Constructivist narrative perspective

14

A behavioral procedure
for helping clients deal effectively with
stressful situations by learning to modify their
thinking patterns.

Coping skills program

15

A cognitive error that
involves categorizing experiences in either-or
extremes.

Dichotomous thinking

16

Erroneous thinking that
disrupts one’s life; can be contradicted by the client’s
objective appraisal of the situation.

Distortion of reality

17

Carefully designed and agreed
upon assignments aimed at getting clients to
carry out positive actions that induce emotional
and attitudinal change. These assignments are
checked in later sessions, and clients learn effective
ways to dispute self-defeating thinking.

Homework

18

The sentences that people
tell themselves and the debate that often goes on
“inside their head”; a form of self-talk, or inner
speech.

Internal dialogue

19

An unreasonable conviction
that leads to emotional and behavioral problems.

Irrational belief

20

A term coined by Ellis to refer
to behavior that is absolutist and rigid. We tell
ourselves that we must, should, or ought to do or
be something.

Musturbation

21

A process of holding extreme
beliefs on the basis of a single incident
and applying them inappropriately to dissimilar
events or settings.

Overgeneralization

22

A tendency for people to relate
external events to themselves, even when
there is no basis for making this connection.

Personalization

23

A theory that is based on the assumption that cognitions, emotions, and behaviors interact signifi cantly
and have a reciprocal cause-and-effect relationship.

Rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT

24

A form of intense
mental practice for learning new emotional
and physical habits. Clients imagine themselves
thinking, feeling, and behaving in exactly the
way they would like to in everyday situations.

Rational emotive imagery

25

The quality of thinking, feeling,
and acting in ways that will help us attain our
goals. Irrationality consists of thinking, feeling,
and acting in ways that are self-defeating and
that thwart our goals.

Rationality

26

Procedure for promoting
long-term maintenance that involves identifying
situations in which clients are likely to regress to
old patterns and to develop coping skills in such
situations.

Relapse prevention

27

Core beliefs that are centrally related
to dysfunctional behaviors. The process of cognitive
therapy involves restructuring distorted core
beliefs .

Schema

28

A cognitive distortion
that involves forming conclusions based on an
isolated detail of an event.

Selective abstraction

29

An approach to therapy
based on the assumption that what people
say to themselves directly infl uences the things
they do. Training consists of learning new selftalk
aimed at coping with problems.

Self-instructional therapy

30

What people “say” to themselves
when they are thinking. The internal dialogue
that goes on within an individual in stressful
situations.

Self-talk