Flashcards in Chapter 1 1 Reality Therapy Deck (40)
The view that humans are internally
motivated and behave to control the world
around them according to some purpose within
them. We are basically self-determining and create
our own destiny.
The act of sticking to a realistic
plan aimed at change.
Specific ways of creating a
positive climate in which counseling can occur. The
proper environment is based on personal involvement
and specific procedures aimed at change.
Cycle of counseling
Choosing misery by developing
symptoms (such as headaching, depressing,
and anxietying) because these seem like the
best behaviors available at the time.
The reality that we experience
and interpret subjectively.
An image of our specific wants
as well as precise ways to satisfy these wants.
The needs for belonging,
power, freedom, and fun; these are the forces
that drive humans and explain behavior.
The perceptions and images we
have of how we can fulfill our basic psychological
needs; another phrase for picture album.
Based on choice theory, this
approach provides a way of implementing therapeutic
procedures for helping individuals take
more effective control of their lives.
Satisfying one’s needs in ways
that do not interfere with others’ fulfilling their
An acronym pertaining to the essence
of a good action plan: simple, attainable, measurable,
immediate, involved, controlled by the
planner, committed to, and continuously done.
Clients’ assessment of current
behavior to decide whether it is working and if
what they are doing is meeting their needs. It is
the cornerstone of reality therapy procedures.
The integrated components of
doing, thinking, feeling, and physiology. Choice
theory assumes that all elements of behavior are
The key procedures applied to
the practice of reality therapy groups. The strategies
help clients identify their wants, determine
the direction their behavior is taking them, make
self-evaluations, and design plans for change.
1. What is important is not the way
the real world exists but the way we
perceive the world to exist.
T F 2. Choice theory is the framework for
the practice of reality therapy.
T F 3. A good way to change behavior is
for us to be self-critical.
T F 4. It is important to explore the past as
a way to change current behavior.
5. One of the therapist’s functions is to
make judgments about clients’ present
T F 6. The focus of reality therapy is on attitudes
T F 7. The use of contracts is often part of
T F 8. Reality therapy is grounded on
some existential concepts.
T F 9. It is the client’s responsibility to decide
on the goals of therapy.
T F 10. Appropriate punishment is an effective
way to change behavior
11. The founder of reality therapy is
a. Albert Ellis.
b. Albert Bandura.
c. Joseph Wolpe.
d. Robert Wubbolding.
e. William Glasser.
12. According to this approach, insight
a. is necessary before behavior
change can occur.
b. is not necessary for producing
c. will come only with changed
d. can be given to the client by the
teachings of the therapist.
e. will be discovered by the client
13. The view of human nature underlying
reality therapy is
a. that we have a need for identity.
b. that we have the need to feel
loved and to love others.
c. that we need to feel worthwhile
to ourselves and others.
d. all of the above.
e. none of the above.
14. Which is not a key concept of
a. focus on the present
b. unconscious motivation
d. involvement as part of the therapy
15. Which of the following is not true
of reality therapy?
a. It is based on the premise that
acting and thinking are chosen
b. Clients must make commitments.
c. Therapists do not accept excuses
d. Therapy is a didactic process.
e. Working through the transference
relationship is essential for
therapy to occur.