Flashcards in Chapter 2 Facts Deck (27)
What are the reasons why the English came to America?
They were fortune seekers, wanted the opportunity to own their own land, political freedom, religious freedom, and adventure,
What were the rules for owning Land in England?
Wealthy families own most of the land and only the first borne inherited it.
Why did English believers become frustrated with the Church of England?
The Church of England embraced aspects of the Reformation while continuing several Roman Catholic practices.
What political document guaranteed certain basic rights to some Englishmen?
How did the English settler’s view of religious liberty differ from the modern view of religious liberty?
Most understood religious liberty as the freedom to structure their society so that every part of life experienced the renewal of the Protestant Reformation. The modern view of religious freedom is religious pluralism, the idea that all religious views should be treated as equal and no one should discriminate between biblical truth and error.
True or False:Sir Walter Raleigh’s Roanoke expedition was the last individual effort by an Englishman to establish a colony.
Why did the Plymouth Company make no further attempts at colonizing?
The king dismantled the company in 1609
Who ensured the survival of that settlement by enforcing a biblical principle, and what was that principle?
John Smith,he enforced the biblical principle of 2 Thessalonians 3:10, that everyone should earn his livelihood through diligent work.
Who did Pocahontas marry and what came of their marriage?
She married John Rolfe, and their marriage temporary peace.
How did Pocahontas die?
John Rolfe brought her England and she died of disease.
Which Englishman tried to establish a colony on Roanoke Island?
What was the first permanent English settlement in the New World?
Name and define the three categories of colonial government.
Charter Colony-a colony governed by trade
Royal Colony-controlled directly by the King
Proprietary Colony-the king appointed a proprietor or proprietors (ultimately responsible to the king) to govern a colony
How did the trials and successes of Jamestown manifest the core values of freedom, individualism, equality, and growth? What contradictions to these values began to develop?
Freedom:The colony had its own representative government, people were free to determine their own fate in the New World, even indentured servants could gain their freedom. Individualism: The people were forced to be self reliant. I denatured servants could have their own land, but they had to work for it. Equality: Everyone was recruited to work hard and contribute to the success of the colony. Growth: As the colony succeeded the wealth of the people increased. Contradictions: These core values denied to the Africans were eventually became slaves in Virginia
What was the difference between Puritans and Separatists?
Puritans,wanted to purify the state church from within by pushing for reforms that would rid England of Romanist influences and bring greater spiritual vitality to the nation.
Separatists,believed that each local congregation should be independent of all other churches and free to worship and serve God without interference.
Why did the English Separatists leave the Netherlands?
In 1607, one congregation of Separatists from Scrooby, England migrated to Holland. After a decade in Holland, however, the Separatists noticed that the Dutch language and habits threatened to undo their efforts to preserve their own language and culture among their children.
What name is given to the heresy, taught by Anne Hutchinson, that outward obedience to Scripture is unnecessary to show an inward relationship to God?
Since the Puritans had come to the New World to worship as they saw fit, why did they not allow Roger Williams and Anne Hutchison the same freedom of worship?
Couldn't find the answer. :/
What nationality originally settled New York? Which nation eventually took control of it?
The Dutch originally owned it, but the English took control of it.
Why did the patroon system fail?
There was way too much land available, and everyone wanted there own portion of land.
In which three of the middle colonies were the Quakers influential in government?
New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware
Which colony besides New York was founded by a nation other than England?
Why was Pennsylvania unable to maintain the Quaker ideals that William Penn envisioned for the colony?
They lost a lot of their biblical beliefs, and it cause division within the colony.
Near the bank of what river was the first settlement in Maryland established?
What were the main crops of northern and southern Carolina, respectively?
What were the two purposes the British had in founding Georgia?
1. To establish a military buffer against Spanish Florida
2. To provide a colony where debtors and vagrants, who often languished in English jails, could become productive.