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Who was responsible for stirring European interest in China before the age of discovery? How did he do so?

Marco Polo, because of his writing and vivid descriptions.


How did Columbus’s plan for reaching Asia differ from da Gama’s

Columbus was planning on sailing west until you reached China, but did not realize that there was another continent in the way. Vasco da Gama, sailed east from Africa and reached India.


What technological inventions helped sailors in their explora- tion and discovery of new lands?



What name was given to the economic system during the age of exploration and colonization whereby colonies were exploited for the benefits and wealth they could bring to the mother country?



What was Martin Luther’s main disagreement with the Ro- man Catholic Church?

That salvation was a free gift obtained by faith in Christ's death and resurrection.


How did the teachings of men such as Luther and Calvin sup- port the ideals of (a) freedom, (b) individualism, and (c) equality?

(A)Luther taught that believers were free from the authority of the Roman Church. Calvin believed that liberty was important, and he suggested that the government be elected by the citizens to protect that freedom.
(B) Luther emphasized that Christians should take responsibility for their own spiritual well-being. Luther and Calvin encouraged Christians to read the Bible for themselves.
(C) Calvin taught that all vacations are sacred not just ministry. Luther and Calvin believed that all Christians should be educated so they can read the Bible for themselves.


What is a compass?

Something that enabled sailors to know in which direction they were heading.


What is an astrolabe?

A device enabled them to determine their ship’s latitude on the ocean.


What is a caravel?

Kind like a tugboat, and was more easy to maneuver.


What are the two basic assumption of mecantilism?

1. Mercantilists believed that a nation’s wealth consisted of precious metals, especially gold.
2. Mercantilists were nationalists who believed that a country could increase its wealth by increasing its surplus of gold. For one nation to increase its wealth (gold), they thought, another country had to lose it.


Who is Bartolomeu Dias?

A Portuguese man who sailed southward along the west coast of Africa and rounded its southern cape, which he optimistically called Good Hope.


Who is Vasco da Gama?

A man who reached India by sailing east of Africa.


Who is Christopher Columbus?

A man who's expeditions were mostly responsible for sparking interest in the new world.


Who reluctantly helped Christopher Columbus with his journey?

Queen Isabella


In what year did Columbus set out and with how many ships?

August 1492 with three ships


Why do we call native Americans Indians?

Christopher Columbus thought that he was on an island of the Indies in the Orient, so he called the people los indios—Indians.


Who is Amerigo Vespucci?

Made at least two voyages to the Caribbean and South America, and our country was named after him.


Who is John Cabot?

Reached Newfoundland in his search for a passage to China.


Ferdinand Magellan

Was determined that he could reach the Spice Islands of the East by sailing south around the Americas.


What happened three years after Magellan’s fleet left Spain?

Only 18 of the original crew of 300 hundred, and they sailed around the world.


Who is Martin Luther?

A German Monk who invoked the Protestant Reformation.


What is the Protestant Reformation?

As the Reformation spread across Europe, theological battle lines often became actual battle lines. Some of the rivalry between English explorers and French and Spanish explorers was motivated by a rivalry between Protestantism and Roman Catholicism.


Who is John Calvin?

Was Geneva’s most influential teacher, and like Luther, Calvin taught that salvation was God’s work and that sinners needed simply to trust in Christ.