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Flashcards in Venous Test Deck (39)
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1

Can we compress the jugular vein?

True

2

What is the purpose for doing superficial vein mapping?

Determine if the vein is suitable for arterial bypass

3

What is the purpose for doing venous reflux testing?

Determine if the valves are competent and if they are incompetent the location

pg. 135 4th ed.

4

Which veins would be difficult to compress in the upper extremity?

Brachiocephalic
Subclavian
Prox axillary

pg. 151 4th ed.

5

What is Virchow's triad?

Venous thrombosis occurs when 3 conditions existed
1. Circulatory stasis
2. Vein wall (intimal) injury
3. Hypercoagulability state

pg. 111 4th ed.

6

What is the longest vein in the body?

Greater saphenous

7

What is the most important criteria when doing venous duplex?

The response of the vein when transducer pressure is applied?

8

After an augment, it is considered venous reflux when the time the flow pattern is above baseline is greater than _______.

greater or equal to 1 second

pg. 138 4th ed.

9

Is the superficial femoral vein a deep vein?

Deep

pg. 97 4th ed.

10

What plane is it best to image in order to get duplex venous signal?

Longitudinal

pg. 116 4th ed.

11

What veins have venous valves?

FV: 4 valves
Pop: 2 valves
CALF VEINS: each 10 valves (total: 30 valves)

pg. 136 4th ed.

12

Near which canal does the common femoral vein lie?

Scarpa's canal?

Quizlet

Adductor canal?
Chapter 5 p 97

13

What upper extremity veins are superficial?

Cephalic
Basilic
Median cubital

pg. 149 4th ed.

14

What upper extremity veins are deep?

Superior Vena Cava
Innominate
Internal jugular
Subclavian
Axillary
Brachial
Radial
Ulnar
Interosseous

pg. 149 4th ed.

15

What is the perforator in the distal thigh called?

Hunterian perforator

pg. 102 4th ed.

Dodds perforator

Quizlet

16

Adequate pressure has been applied to compress a vein when _______.

There is moderate probe pressure and only the vein collapses

pg. 113 4th ed.

17

We might see a pulsating signal in which upper extremity vein?

IJV
Subclavian
Axillary
Innominate

pg. 152 4th ed.

18

We may not use a compression technique with which type of thrombus?

Floating thrombus

per Beth
pg. 124 4th ed.

19

What is a potentially lethal complication of a DVT?

Pulmonary embolism

20

What are the signs and symptoms of acute DVT?

Acute onset persistent calf pain/tenderness
Calf/leg swelling
Affects posterior/medial calf
Phlegmasia Cerula Dolens
-massive thigh and calf swelling
-cyanotic limb
-caused by iliofemoral thrombosis
Symptoms longer than 2-3 weeks are usually not caused by DVT
Anterior leg symptoms are not associated with DVT

pg. 111 4th ed.

21

If a patient has incompetent valves, a sudden release of augmentation will lead to _______.

Retrograde blood flow

pg. 138 4th ed.

22

What are the deep veins of the lower extremities?

IVC
CIV
IIV
EIV
CFV
FV
PROFUNDA
POPLITEAL
ATV
PTV
PERONEALS

23

What are the superficial veins of the lower extremities?

GSV
LESSER OR SMALL SAPH V

24

What changes when you get to the popliteal?

The artery is inferior to the vein.

pg. 116 4th ed.

25

A patient may come in frequently after having a DVT due to this condition.

Enigma?

pg. 126 4th ed

26

What is a common reason for upper extremity DVT?

Paget-Schroetter Syndrome
Graft placement - could cause intimal injury
Compression of venous thoracic outlet
Compression from a mass
IV drug abuse
Venipuncture

pg. 149, 156 4th ed.

27

What are the risks factors for DVT?

Post-op
Hx DVT
Cancer
Trauma
Pregnancy
High-dose estrogen
Birth control
Immobility "economy class syndrome"
Thrombophilia
Bed rest > 4 days
Paralysis

pg. 111 4th ed.

28

What is the anatomical variant in the lower extremity?

Bifid femoral and popliteal veins

pg. 130 4th ed.

29

What are some symptoms not related to venous imaging? (Difference between arterial and venous)

Progressive symptoms lasting a long time
No swelling
Intermittent pain when walking
Foot/limb coolness
Rest pain in feet
Gangrene

pg. 112 4th ed.

30

Why don't we need an angle with venous imaging?

The flow is with respirations

pg. 131 4th ed.