Flashcards in OB 2 FINAL (PP) Deck (279)
What is Menarche?
Onset of menstruation
What is Menopause?
Stop of menstruation
What is Metrorrhea?
What days does menstruation occur in the cycle?
What is the sonographic appearance of the endometrial canal during menstruation?
What is a corpus luteum?
small endocrine structure that develops in a ruptured ovarian follicle.
What hormones does a corpus luteum secrete?
progesterone and estrogen
What is the broad ligament?
double fold of peritoneum that covers the uterus, ovaries and fallopian tubes
what are the round ligaments?
Between layers of broad ligament In front and below fallopian tubes
What are the cardinal ligaments?
cervix support with uterosacral
continuation of the broad ligaments that extend across the pelvic floor laterally
Where is the Posterior Cul-de-sac?
between the uterus and rectum
What are other names for the posterior cul-de-sac?
pouch of douglas
Where is the anterior cul-de-sac?
between the bladder and uterus
what is another name for the anterior cul-de-sac?
what is the blood supply to the vagina?
anterior uterine artery
posterior branch of internal iliac
where is the space of retzius?
Between the anterior bladder wall and pubic symphysis
what is another name for the space of retzius?
what is the blood supply to the ovaries?
what do the ovarian veins drain into?
left vein: drains into left renal vein
right vein: drains into IVC
what is the blood supply to the fallopian tubes?
ovarian arteries and veins
where are arcuate vessels found?
along the peripheral edge of the uterus
what is the embryology of the uterus and vagina?
they both develop from the mullerian ducts between 7-12weeks
what are the 3 layers of the uterus?
what are the 2 layers of the endometrium?
zona functionalis (superficial functional layer)
zona basalis (deep basil layer)
what is the songraphic appererance of the endometrium?
echogenic to hypoechoic, depending on cycle
What layer sheds during menses?
What is the size of ovaries?
What supports the ovary posteriorly?
broad ligament via mesovarium
what is the sonographic appearance of the ovary?
homogeneous, with an echogenic medulla