OB 2 FINAL (PP) Flashcards Preview

LMC Ultrasound > OB 2 FINAL (PP) > Flashcards

Flashcards in OB 2 FINAL (PP) Deck (279)
Loading flashcards...
1

What is Menarche?

Onset of menstruation

2

What is Menopause?

Stop of menstruation

3

What is Metrorrhea?

irregular bleeding

4

What days does menstruation occur in the cycle?

1-4 days

5

What is the sonographic appearance of the endometrial canal during menstruation?

hypoechoic line

6

What is a corpus luteum?

small endocrine structure that develops in a ruptured ovarian follicle.

7

What hormones does a corpus luteum secrete?

progesterone and estrogen

8

What is the broad ligament?

double fold of peritoneum that covers the uterus, ovaries and fallopian tubes

9

what are the round ligaments?

Between layers of broad ligament In front and below fallopian tubes

10

What are the cardinal ligaments?

cervix support with uterosacral
continuation of the broad ligaments that extend across the pelvic floor laterally

11

Where is the Posterior Cul-de-sac?

between the uterus and rectum

12

What are other names for the posterior cul-de-sac?

pouch of douglas
rectouterine pouch

13

Where is the anterior cul-de-sac?

between the bladder and uterus

14

what is another name for the anterior cul-de-sac?

vesicouterine pouch

15

what is the blood supply to the vagina?

anterior uterine artery
posterior branch of internal iliac

16

where is the space of retzius?

Between the anterior bladder wall and pubic symphysis

17

what is another name for the space of retzius?

retropubic space

18

what is the blood supply to the ovaries?

aorta
ovarian arteries
uterine arteries

19

what do the ovarian veins drain into?

left vein: drains into left renal vein
right vein: drains into IVC

20

what is the blood supply to the fallopian tubes?

ovarian arteries and veins

21

where are arcuate vessels found?

along the peripheral edge of the uterus

22

what is the embryology of the uterus and vagina?

they both develop from the mullerian ducts between 7-12weeks

23

what are the 3 layers of the uterus?

perimetrium
myometrium
endometrium

24

what are the 2 layers of the endometrium?

zona functionalis (superficial functional layer)
zona basalis (deep basil layer)

25

what is the songraphic appererance of the endometrium?

echogenic to hypoechoic, depending on cycle

26

What layer sheds during menses?

zona functionalis

27

What is the size of ovaries?

3x2x2

28

What supports the ovary posteriorly?

broad ligament via mesovarium

29

what is the sonographic appearance of the ovary?

homogeneous, with an echogenic medulla

30

what supports the ovary medially?

ovarian ligament