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Flashcards in Renal test II Deck (44)
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1

What is a congenital obstruction found in utero?

Uteropelvic Junction obstruction (UPJ) (Per Beth) Autosomal Recessive Polycystic Kidney Disease (Per Beth) Posterior Urethral Valves (Per Beth)

2

Parapelvic cysts are located where?

Renal Hilum Workbook Pg. 121 Renal sinus Pg 380

3

What is the most common solid renal mass found in childhood?

Nephroblastoma or Wilms tumor p. 387

4

In cases of nephrocalcinosis, calcium deposits are usually found in what part of the kidney?

Usually located in the medulla but infrequently can be seen in the renal cortex p. 403

5

What is it called when the lower poles of the kidney fuse together?

Horseshoe kidney p. 371

6

What is the most echogenic portion of the kidney?

Renal sinus p. 359

7

What is the cystic enlargement that forms at the distal end of the ureter?

Ureterocele p. 373

8

What is the sonographic appearance of chronic pyelonephritis?

It is hard to distinguish between the cortex and medulla Google: Quizlet

9

A cortical bulge on the lateral border of the kidney is called what?

Dromedary hump p. 366

10

Dilated renal pelvis without ureteral dilitation is?

Non-Obstructive Hydronephrosis or Ureteropelvic Junction Obstruction Pg 713

11

Which of the following is a clinical finding most likely the reason for a renal artery duplex exam?

Hypertension (Per Beth)

12

How long after a renal transplant is a baseline sonographic exam preformed?

48-72 (Per Beth) p.407

13

This is a common finding in people over the age of 50

Simple Renal Cyst Pg. 379

14

What is the dilatation of the renal pelvis with thinning of the renal cortex?

Hydronephrosis Pg 397-398

15

Renal vein thrombosis may be recognized in a patient with this abnormality

Wilms Tumor Pg. 388

16

With this, ureteral jets are unable to be identified in patients with what?

Urethral Obstruction (Per Beth)

17

What is the process of disposing metabolic wastes?

Excretion p. 358

18

What is present in urine whenever there is extensive damage or destruction of the functioning erythrrocytes?

Hemoglobin p. 359

19

The left kidney is in contact with what structures?

L. Adrenal Gland Spleen Stomach Pancreas Descending Colon Jejunum Pg. 356

20

The right kidney is in contact with what structures?

R. Adrenal Gland Liver Duodenum R. Colic Flexure Small Intestines Pg. 356

21

The outside renal capsule is known as?

Perinephric Fat Pg. 356 Also Workbook Pg. 120

22

Triangular-shaped lesion on the peripheral border of the kidney

Junctional Parenchymal Defect Pg. 366 Also Workbook Pg. 121

23

Where does the left renal vein course?

anterior to the aorta p. 357

24

What is the vessel that that is seen posterior to the IVC in a cross sectional view?

Right renal artery p 357

25

Renal sonography is not helpful in evaluating what?

the function of the kidney

26

Renal carcinoma invades the IVC via...

Renal Vein Pg. 385 I think its technically Right Renal Vein but I dont see it in the book so i cant say for sure

27

What is pyonephrosis?

Pus found within the collecting system. Often associated with urosepsis and is secondary to long-standing ureteral obstruction. It is an emergency situation. Pg. 401

28

Dilation of the renal pelvis may be caused by what?

hydronephrosis Pg 397

29

What is the benign vascular tumor of the kidney

Renal Angiomyolipoma Pg. 388

30

What is the normal size of the kidney?

9-12 cm long 5 cm wide 2.5 cm thick p. 355