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Flashcards in Abdomen Review Final Deck (141)
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1

The uncinate process of the pancreas is superior to what?

Duodenum

2

The splenic vein is joined by what vessels?

The splenic vein joins the SMV to form the portal vein

pg. 194 Hagen Ansert

Begins at hilum of the spleen and joined by the short gastric and left gastroepiptloic vein

3

The right renal artery passes where in reference to the IVC?

Posterior
pg. 182 Hagen-Ansert

4

What vessel is parallel to and arises from the aorta?

SMA
pg. 181 Hagen-Ansert

5

The renal artery passes where in reference to the SMA?

Inferior
pg. 182 Hagen-Ansert

6

Where does the IVC course to join the heart?

It enters at the right atrium of the heart
pg. 184 Hagen-Ansert

7

What vessel is posterior and medial to the pancreatic body and tail?

Splenic vein
pg. 194 Hagen-Ansert

8

What is a common cause for an AAA?

Arteriosclerosis
pg. 172 Hagen-Ansert

9

What might cause lower trunk edema in a dilated IVC?

Atrioventricular fistula
pg. 179 Hagen-Ansert

10

The liver is suspended anteriorly by what ligament?

Falciform ligament
P 208
Also, www.webmd.com

11

What causes fatty infiltration?

Obesity
Alcohol intake
High cholesterol
Diabetes
pg. 235 Hagen-Ansert

Except- hepatoportal fistula

12

What is a benign liver tumor in glycogen 1 storage disease?

Hepatic adenomas
pg. 239 Hagen-Ansert

13

What fissure does the right portal vein and gallbladder lie in?

Main lobar fissure
pg. 208 Hagen-Ansert

14

What are the AST and ALT levels in severe liver disease?

AST: significantly elevated
ALT: moderately elevated
pg. 215 Hagen-Ansert

15

What liver disease will have diminished vascular structures?

Fatty infiltration
P 234

Possibly cirrhosis

16

What cells are affected by hepatocellular disease?

Hepatocytes
pg. 213 Hagen-Ansert

17

What direction does normal portal venous flow?

Hepatopetal (toward the liver)
pg. 240 Hagen-Ansert

18

What is the appearance of the liver in glycogen 1 storage disease?

Hepatomegaly
Increased echogenicity and attenuation
Hepatic adenomas - round, echogenic, homogenous tumors
Focal nodular hyperplasia

19

What are the features of an extrahepatic mass? (what does it displace)

Located in the area of the porta hepatis causing symptoms seen in biliary obstruction
pg. 249 Hagen-Ansert

20

What is a common site for echinococcal growth?

Sheep herding countries
pg. 255 Hagen-Ansert
The liver

21

What is Budd-Chiari syndrome?

Thrombosis of hepatic veins (and IVC?)
pg. 200 Hagen-Ansert

22

Through which structure would an amebic abscess reach the liver?

Portal vein
pg. 255 Hagen-Ansert

23

Right and left hepatic ducts unite to form ____.

CHD
pg. 268 Hagen-Ansert

24

What is a normal measurement of the CHD?

4 mm
pg. 268 Hagen-Ansert

25

What is a normal measurement of a CBD in a 60 yr old patient?

6 mm
pg. 268 Hagen-Ansert

26

The cystic duct connects the ___ of the gallbladder with the ___ to form the ___.

Neck; CHD; CBD
pg. 268 Hagen-Ansert

27

What is the function of the gallbladder?

Reservoir for bile
Concentrates bile
pg. 273 Hagen-Ansert

28

What is a Hartmann's pouch?

Gallbladder neck folds back on itself
pg. 273 Hagen-Ansert

29

A positive Murphy's sign seen with which gallbladder disease?

Acute cholecystitis
pg. 278 Hagen-Ansert
"Murphy's Law: whatever can go wrong, will"

30

What are the symptoms of gallbladder disease?

RUQ pain after eating greasy foods
Nausea/vomiting
Pain in right shoulder
Jaundice
pg. 279 Hagen-Ansert