Unit 6 - Chemistry of the Body - Part 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 6 - Chemistry of the Body - Part 2 Deck (32)
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1

What is the place where an enzyme and a substrate come together?

Active Site

2

What is the name for cells that are used for blood clotting?

Platelets

3

What is the of cells that transports oxygen to the parts of the body?

Red blood cells

4

What is the term for the maintenance of a chemical balance in your body?

Homeostasis

5

What is the name of the scale that is used to determine if a substance is an acid or a base?

pH Scale

6

What is the term for the nixing of an acid and a base?

Neutralization

7

What is a condition in which the lungs fail to expel enough carbon dioxide causing a buildup of carbonic acid?

Acidosis

8

What is used to determine the pH of various substances?

Indicator

9

What the the name of an enzyme in your salvia?

Amylase

10

What are the kind of cells that provide your body immunity and kill micro-organisms and bacteria?

White Blood cells

11

What is the biological catalysts that speed up the reaction without being a part of the reaction themselves?

Enzymes

12

What states that a gas will dissolve into and out of a liquid in direct relation to the pressure difference?

Henry's law

13

What is the term for a solution that can neutralize an acid or a base?

Buffer Solution

14

What is the term for the pH in the body rising above 7.4?

Alkadosis

15

What is the end product of neutralization?

Salt

16

List 3 common indicators

Litmus paper
Phenolphthalein
pH paper

17

Give three examples of a common base?

Ammonia
Sea Water
Blood

18

List 3 examples of a common acid

Vinegar
lemon Juice
Milk

19

On the pH Scale - - an acid is LESS than what number?

7

20

What states that gas will dissolve into and out of a liquid in direct relation to the pressure difference?

Henry's Law

21

CO2 O2 and pH are all controlled to to keep the body in what?

Homeostasis

22

Where can harmful bacteria come from?

Contaminated water

23

What is the most abundant element in the body?

Hydrogen

24

What is a side effect of mild acidosis?

Mental confusion

25

What condition occurs if the lungs fail to expel enough carbon dioxide?

Acidosis

26

What are the kidneys used for in the body?

pH control

27

What three things help maintain the body pH?

kidneys
blood buffers
breathing rate

28

What causes the air to move in the body?

Pressure

29

What did chemists invent to promote the recovery after viruses have invaded our bodies?

drugs (pharmaceuticals)

30

Be able to read a pH chart:

See mrs. Krumpelman if need help