Chapter 7 - - Atmosphere TEST Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 7 - - Atmosphere TEST Deck (50)
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1

What is the term for Precipitation that has a pH under 5.4?

Acid Rain

2

What is the term for the temperature that is the point at chick all motion ceases?

Absolute zero

3

What results from the collisions of air molecules with objects?

Atmospheric Pressure

4

What is the term for the energy an object has because of it's motion?

Kinetic energy

5

What is the term for the process that plants use to convert carbon dioxide and water into oxygen gas and organic carbon (sugar)?

Photosynthesis

6

What is commonly used to measure atmospheric pressure?

Barometer

7

What is the name of the layer where we live - it is from the surface of the earth to six miles up - it is where the weather takes place?

Troposphere

8

What is the term for a factor in the materials' ability to warm up (amount of energy needed to raise 1 gram 1 degrees Celsius?

Heat Capacity

9

What is the result of simultaneous collisions of billions upon billions of gas particles with an object?

Gas pressure

10

What is the term for gas propellants that are used in aerosol cans and are coolants in fridges and air conditioners and solvents for cleaning microchips?

Chlorofluorocarbons

11

What is the term for the layer of gas that surrounds the earth and protects us from UV rays, it is only about 3 mm thick?

Ozone

12

What is the process mammalian a use to convert oxygen and sugar into carbon dioxide and water?

Thermosphere

13

What is the outermost layer of the atmosphere that contains electrically charged particles that are called ions and reflects radio waves?

Thermosphere

14

What is the color that absorbs all light?

Black

15

What contributes to the increasing amount of carbon dioxide in the air?

Burning fossil fuels
Converting limestone into calcium carbonate

16

What pH must rain be under - to be classified at acid rain?

5.4

17

What percent of the sun's energy is absorbed to warm the atmosphere, oceans, etc?

47%

18

What is the SI unit for pressure?

Pascals (Pa)

19

What percent of the air that we breathe is nitrogen?

78%

20

What is a product of photosynthesis?

O2

21

What is the term for the energy from the Earth that is released back into space?

Outward flow

22

What is the layer that extends to 30 miles up, there is very little wind and it is very cold - - Planes fly in this layer?

Stratosphere

23

What is the following:

Volume of a given amount of gas held at a constant temperature varies inversely with the applied pressure when the temperature and mass are constant.

Boyle's law

24

What is the term for when light energy strikes objects some surfaces absorb it and heat up and some reflect it?

Reflectivity

25

What flow of energy comes from the sun?

Inward flow

26

What layer of the atmosphere extends from around 31 miles above the Earth's surface to 53 miles?

Mesosphere

27

What is the process of absorbing reflected energy?

Greenhouse effect

28

What color reflects all light?

White

29

What is the area that was the first to report acid rain?

Scandinavia

30

What percent of the sun's energy is used in the hydrologic cycle?

23%