Unit 6 - - Chemistry Of The Body Part 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 6 - - Chemistry Of The Body Part 1 Deck (48)
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1

What is the term for molecules that undergo a transformation within a biological catalyst?

Substrates

2

What is the term for a biochemical category that contains fats?

Lipids

3

What is the term for a food additive that has the same amount of calories as sugar, but is thousands of times sweeter?

Aspartame

4

What is the term for a type of fat that contains a majority of saturated fats?

Animal fat

5

What is the term for the amount of energy that is required to heat 1 g of water 1 degree Celsius?

Calorie

6

What is the term for a substance that limits the amount of product that is made?

Limiting reactant

7

What is the term for a carbohydrate that only contains one sugar ring?

Monosaccharide

8

What is the term for the state in which a person consumes enough calories in a day, but does not consume the proper nutrients?

Malnourished

9

What is the term for chemicals added to foods to enhance shelf life or taste?

Food Additives

10

What are Biological catalysts called?

Enzymes

11

What is the term for a fat molecule that contains only single bonds in the chain?

Saturated fat

12

What is the term for the state in which a person does not consume enough calories?

Undernourished

13

What is the term for a macromolecule that is made up of a combination of amino acids?

Proteins

14

What is the term for the combination of 3 fatty acid molecules with a glycerol?

Triglyceride

15

What is the term for the process in which unsaturated fatty acids have hydrogen atoms added to the double bonds?

Partial hydrogenation

16

What is the term for the device used to measure the amount of energy in a substance?

Calorimeter

17

What is the term for the main energy carbohydrate breaks down by glycolysis in the body?

Glucose

18

What is the term for the molecules that make up proteins and contain a COOH and NH3 group?

Amino Acids

19

What is the term for a carbohydrate that contains two sugar rings?

Disaccharide

20

What is the term for a classification of compounds that contains carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. They can either be found in chain form or ring form?

Carbohydrates

21

What type of fat usually contains unsaturated and polyunsaturated fats?

Plant fat

22

What is the term for amino acids that can be consumed by eating meat?

Complete proteins

23

What is the term for the type of vitamin that can be stored in the body?

Fat-soluble

24

What is the term for the essential molecules that are required for survival but are not fats, proteins or carbohydrates?

Vitamins

25

What is the term for the sugars that form polymers?

Polysaccharides

26

What is the term for amino acids that must be consumed from specific plants or in dietary supplement if one does not consume meat?

Complimentary proteins

27

Be able to identify what a carbohydrate looks like

Use you notes

They are made up of Hydrogen, carbon and oxygen (ONLY)

28

Be able to identify types of molecules

use your notes

They are made of Carbon Hydrogen oxygen and NITROGEN

29

Know what the aspartame molecule looks like

Use your notes

30

How much energy is in 1 g of fat?

9 cal